Wonderful to have you back for more
Daily Bread! This last chapter of The Second Book of Samuel has quite an
interesting story. Let's think back just a few chapters first and recall when
the Lord sent a famine through the land of Israel. After three years David asked
God why, and He answered David, so David took the appropriate measures and the
Lord lifted the famine.
DAVID COUNTS STUDY ON DAVID COUNTS EVENTS WITH DAVID COUNTS MESSAGE.
The Lord not only used David to end
disaster for the children of Israel, but this time, to bring disaster. You see,
for some reason (which is not mentioned) the Lord was angry with Israel, so he
used David as a tool to initiate their discipline. This is one of those things
that is very difficult and quite possibly too complicated for us as humans to
understand ... How ... Why, does our loving God allow some terrible (in our
eyes) things to happen? Well, first of all, God doesn't let all terrible
things happen ... Scads of terrible things happen because of the choices that
mankind makes without the counsel of God.
Make no mistake, though, some
things that we deem as terrible, or worse, happen by God's will. A few examples
... The Lord allowed the serpent to enter the garden of Eden. The Lord sent evil spirits
upon Saul. The Lord delivered the children of Israel into the hands of their
enemies when they would backslide. The Lord allowed Satan to mess with Job.
But just because we don't understand
the reasons God does what He does ... That doesn't make Him wrong and us right
Job was a righteous man.
He didn't deserve what happened to him. And though he never blamed God, he did
question what he did not know.
Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, Who is this
that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?
Who is this that questions my wisdom with such ignorant words?
Then answered the LORD unto Job out of the whirlwind, and said, Gird up
thy loins now like a man: I will demand of thee, and declare thou unto me.
Wilt thou also disannul my judgment? wilt thou condemn me, that thou
mayest be righteous?
Stick out your chest like a man ... I'll ask, and you answer me ... Will you question or
discredit my justice? Will you insist that I'm unrighteous so that you may seem
to be righteous?
I gotta ask you now ...
Many of us are scared to DEATH to actually say that we've disagreed with God's
judgment about something before, but how many times have
we in our minds and just haven't ever said it aloud? Go on, it's okay ...
Everybody knows ... They've all done it too. The cool thing is that right this
second, you can say you're sorry to your Father, and be forgiven ... Clean again
... Pure as the driven snow!
Let's take a look at how Job responded to the Lord.
I know that thou canst do every thing, and that no thought can be
withholden from thee.
Pretty self explanatory.
Who is he that
hideth counsel without knowledge? therefore have I uttered that I
understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not.
Here Job is repeating
what the Lord asked him ... You said, "Who is this that questions my wisdom with such
ignorant words?" Truly I talked about things I didn't understand.
beseech thee, and I will speak: I will demand of thee, and declare thou
Again, Job is restating
what the Lord said ... You said, "Listen and I'll ask you a question and you
I have heard
of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee. Wherefore
I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.
Before, I knew about you
only by hearsay, but now you've made me see ... And I can't stand myself, and
beg your forgiveness.
But the important thing as forgiven Christians is not
to wallow in self pity. Yes, we hate when we sin. Yes we MUST be sincerely
repentant and get on our knees and ask forgiveness. But we can't be effective
servants of the Lord if we don't forgive ourselves too and get up off our knees
and on our feet and continue to walk the Christian Walk with an even steadier
pace because of what we learn from our mistakes.
Sooooo, in conclusion to
all this lead up to our study today ... When something that the Lord does seems
unrighteous to our human reasoning, that doesn't mean that the Lord is unjust,
it simply means that we're without understanding. And that's why He's God and
Now then ...
How did the Lord use David against
Israel? He inspired David to number the people of Israel.
What's wrong with that? Let's go back to Moses day and see what the law
of the Lord said about numbering the people, shall we?
When thou takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number,
then shall they give every man a ransom for his soul unto the LORD, when
thou numberest them; that there be no plague among them, when thou
numberest them. This they shall give, every one that passeth among them
that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a
shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of the
LORD. Every one that passeth among them that are numbered, from twenty
years old and above, shall give an offering unto the LORD.
And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the
tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in
the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying,
Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after
their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their
names, every male by their polls; From twenty years old and upward, all
that are able to go forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number
them by their armies.
So, we can see that it wasn't
against God's law to number the people, but let's look more carefully. In the
scriptures above, it's pretty clear that the reason for numbering Israel was to
find out how big your army was. So David's sin in numbering the people was
essentially his pride. How so? Well, knowing the amount of soldiers you have
would definitely mean you're trusting in human power instead of God's power.
Well, Joab knew this wasn't such
a hot idea, so he tried to dissuade David saying, "You know God would give you a
hundred times as many people in the kingdom if that's what you want, and may you
live to see it, but knowing the exact number isn't necessary. Why is it so
But the king's decision overruled Joab
and the army commanders. So they went out to count the people. They returned
nine months and twenty days later and Joab reported the number to the king:
Israel had 800,000 valiant men and Judah had 500,000 men.
Annnnnd, then David's heart felt heavy after he
had taken the census. Y'know that gut wrenching feeling you get when you know
you've done something wrong?
David confessed his sin to God and the
Prophet Gad delivered a message to David from the Lord offering him one of three
choices as chastening ... Seven years of famine in the land, three months of war being pursued
by their enemies, or, three days of pestilence in
David thought it would be better to
fall into the hand of the Lord because of His grace and mercy, so when Gad
told this to the Lord, He sent a pestilence through Israel starting the next
morning and seventy thousand people died
throughout Israel. The angel of the Lord stretched out his hand over Jerusalem to
destroy it, and when David looked up, he saw the angel standing between the
earth and heaven with a drawn sword in his hand. And the Lord had pity because
of the affliction and said to the angel, "That's
enough. Take back your hand." The angel stood by the threshing place
of Araunah (referred to as Ornan in 1 Chronicles) the Jebusite when
God stopped the plague.
David said to the Lord, "I've sinned. I've
done wickedly. But what
have these sheep done? Please punish me and not them. Let your anger be
against me and my family. And Gad came that day to David and said,
"Go and build an altar for the Lord in the threshing floor of Araunah the
So David went to build an altar
there. And Araunah wanted to give David the threshing floor and all he needed to
make his offerings for free but David insisted that he pay Araunah for everything because
it wouldn't be honorable to offer burnt offerings that cost him nothing. David
bought the threshing floor and the oxen and built an altar for the Lord there,
and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings there. So the Lord answered
David's prayer for the land and the plague was stopped. When David saw that his offerings
were acceptable to the Lord, he continued to sacrifice there because at that
season the tabernacle that Moses had made in the wilderness and the altar of the
burnt offering were at the worshiping place at Gibeon, but David couldn't bring
himself to go there to talk to God because he was afraid after seeing the sword
of the angel of the Lord.
DAVID COUNTS INFORMATION WITH DAVID COUNTS MEANING
The rest of this study is actually
1 Chronicles, Chapter 22,
Chapter 28, and
Chapter 29 because chronologically, this is when it happened. We will get a
little ahead of ourselves by doing this because the end of 1 Chronicles doesn't
coincide exactly with the end of 2 Samuel, but it's pretty close, and
since we're combining the parallel chapters, it's as close as we can get. You'll
see in just a moment.
When David recognized
that his prayers were being answered in this place, combined with the fact that
Gad (a Prophet of the Lord) told him to build an altar there, he decided that
this would be the spot where the Temple of the Lord should be built and where
the people of Israel were to offer burnt offerings.
He ordered for the foreigners
that were staying in Israel to cut stone for the building. He also prepared iron
and brass beyond calculation for nails and hinges and such. Cedar trees were
brought in abundance in preparation for the building.
And this is the first
indication we've gotten that Solomon will be the son that succeeds David as
king. (Don't forget that it was customary for the eldest son to inherit the
throne, and Solomon was not the eldest, nor anywhere near the eldest, but he was
chosen by the Lord.)
1 Chronicles 22:5
And David said, Solomon my son is young and tender, and the house that is
to be builded for the LORD must be exceeding magnifical, of fame and of
glory throughout all countries: I will therefore now make preparation for
it. So David prepared abundantly before his death.
So David called for Solomon and
told him to build a house for the Lord.
He explained that he wanted to do it himself but that the Lord told him that he
had killed too many people and fought too many wars, and because of all the
bloodshed he caused, the Lord wouldn't let him build a temple for Him. However,
the Lord also promised David that he would have a son named Solomon (which means
'peaceful'), who would be a man of peace and while he reigned the Lord would
give him quietness throughout
the kingdom and the Lord would keep Israel safe ...
1 Chronicles 22:10
He shall build an house for my name; and he shall be my son, and I will be
his father; and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel for
You probably remember this story
Samuel, Chapter 7, but we weren't informed then, that Solomon was the son
who would inherit the throne. So, David repeated what the Lord told him, to
Solomon. David wished good blessings on Solomon to fulfill what the Lord said
of him, and asked that the Lord give him wisdom and understanding in ruling
over Israel and keeping the law of the Lord, and told Solomon to be strong and
brave and not to be troubled, and he would be prosperous.
David also told Solomon how
he had prepared for the building of the temple and encouraged him to do his
best and put all of his heart and soul into serving the Lord, building the
temple and bringing the ark and all the holy things into that place where the
Lord chose to put His name.
But unto the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your
tribes to put His name there, even unto His habitation shall ye seek, and
thither thou shalt come: And thither ye shall bring your burnt offerings,
and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and heave offerings of your hand,
and your vows, and your freewill offerings, and the firstlings of your
herds and of your flocks: And there ye shall eat before the LORD your God,
and ye shall rejoice in all that ye put your hand unto, ye and your
households, wherein the LORD thy God hath blessed thee.
Then David brought Solomon before all the leaders
of Israel. He made an official announcement that the Lord had chosen Solomon, of
all his sons, to inherit the throne of Israel and build the Temple of the Lord.
He encourages everyone to serve the Lord with a perfect heart and to maintain integrity, so as to
leave Israel an honorable inheritance for their children after them.He then gives
Solomon a pattern for the building of the Temple which he (David)
was given by inspiration of the Holy Spirit, and the materials that he prepared
for the building. David then encourages Solomon to courageously fulfill the work
that the Lord had entrusted to him.
makes a heartfelt address to the people and
to Solomon, knowing that he was old and it may be one of his last. He declares that
Solomon, the heir chosen to sit on the throne in David's place, was young and
inexperienced, and the work ahead of him was a great endeavor, since the Temple
was for the Lord Himself, not for man ... What a feat!
declares all that he has put toward the preparation of the temple and asks the
congregation to offer their services as well, which they did, willingly and
generously, and they all celebrated. David blessed the Lord in front of the
people and offered praise and thanksgiving and sacrifices and offerings. There
was a feast afterward and they made Solomon king the second time ...
WHAT? A SECOND TIME?
Yes, I know it sounds like we're getting a little ahead of ourselves but you're about
to learn what happened when you begin The First Book of the Kings ... But
here's a little hint ...
time Solomon was made king was when his brother Adonijah tried to take the
reign and Zadok, Nathan, and Benaiah hurried up and anointed Solomon without
much public formality (1
1 Chronicles 29:23-25
Then Solomon sat on
the throne of the LORD as king instead of David his father, and prospered;
and all Israel obeyed him. And all the princes, and the mighty men, and
all the sons likewise of king David, submitted themselves unto Solomon the
king. And the LORD magnified Solomon exceedingly in the sight of all
Israel, and bestowed upon him such royal majesty as had not been on any
king before him in Israel.
Congratulations! You've just
completed the study of The Second Book of Samuel! Did you know that if you've
completed all the Daily Bread studies from the beginning, you've studied TEN
books of the Bible already! Good for you! David is getting quite old now ...
Soon Solomon will be king in David's place, and though there was war during the
entire reign of king David, Solomon's reign was a time of peace. But Israel is
in for quite a change after that. Can't wait for you to return and we can enjoy
studying The First Book of the Kings together, right here at Daily Bread!
CONTINUE TO THE NEXT STUDY