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THE SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL
(PARALLEL CHAPTER -
1 CHRONICLES, CHAPTER 18)
GOD IS VICTORIOUS
Welcome back to Daily Bread! Happy to
be here with you to share the next part of king David's history together. In our
last chapter, the Lord told David, through Nathan the Prophet, that his
descendants would reign forever after him and that his son would build the
Lord's temple. Though David wanted to build the temple himself, he was overjoyed
at the honor that God had bestowed on him ... His son would build a house for
the Lord and the Lord would build David's house (family). Now let's see what
happened next in David's life ...
GOD IS VICTORIOUS STUDY ON GOD IS VICTORIOUS EVENT WITH GOD IS VICTORIOUS MESSAGE
David defeated the Philistines once
again and their city of Methegammah now belonged to Israel.
He then attacked Moab, and when he had killed two thirds of them, he made the
remaining third his servants and they brought David gifts.
I can tell that some of you are hungry
for a little Daily Bread Crumb right about now. This is a Bread Crumb we've had
before, but it's been a while. The "gifts" that are spoken of
oft times in the Bible, which were given to kings, were actually not pretty
packages with fancy bows and surprises inside, or anything of that nature, but were actually taxes
that were imposed on people that they were required to pay. Hmmmmm, taxes ...
Are gifts? Friends, that's a can o' worms that Daily Bread just doesn't wanna open,
if ya know what I mean. At either rate, these gifts were also known as
Let me also take this time to remind
all of our Daily Bread Heads out there that Daily Bread is supposed to be a
supplement to your Bible reading. It's to help you learn how to understand the
language of the Bible because when the King James Version was written back in
the 1600s, they had many different phrases that we don't use today, as you know. So
be sure to read the selection in your Bible as well as your Daily Bread
supplement, and you can compare the two. This will teach you to be able to pick
up your Bible in the future and be able to understand what most of the peculiar
language means, having familiarized yourself with it from your Daily Bread
Now ... Back to the story!
David also attacked Hadadezer, king of
Zobah as he went to restore his control at the border of the Euphrates River.
David took 1000 chariots from him, 700 horsemen (1
Chronicles 18:4 says 7,000 horsemen), and 20,000 soldiers there. He cut the
leg muscles of all the chariot horses, except for 100. Why, you may wonder, didn't he keep
all ... Wouldn't they come in handy in battle ... And isn't
it better to have them and not need them, than to need them and not have them?
That sounds practical ... But remember, there's no logic in faith. David placed
his faith in the Lord, and the Lord's commandment concerning the king of Israel
Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall
choose: one from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee: thou
mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother. But he
shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to
Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the LORD
hath said unto you, Ye shall henceforth return no more that way.
You may also remember in a
story from the Book of
Chapter 11, that this area of Israel had several kings of that particular
area, with countless chariots and chariot horses that gathered together against
Israel, but with the hand of the Lord, Israel was
victorious over them in a battle that any logical person would have positively
predicted to be a massacre upon Israel.
Now, why was it that
David had to go there in the first place? Well, Zobah was an area about 200
miles north/northeast of Jerusalem, also known as Aram-Zobah. The Euphrates was
another 150 or so miles further north of that. Hadadezer, the king of Zobah was
the son of Rehob, and back in the days of the conquest of Canaan:
Neither did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants
of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of
Rehob: But the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of
the land: for they did not drive them out.
Remember, God promised in the last
chapter that He would keep Israel safe from their enemies.
Since David learned that his son would be building the temple of the Lord, he
did everything he could to assist in assuring that it would be a time of peace,
so his son could commit all
of his attention to such an important project rather than have to concern
himself with the threat of any kind of unrest in the land.
So God helped David
defeat these cities that were enemies of Israel. In
Genesis 15:18, God made a promise to Abraham that Israel would
be given the land from the river of Egypt all the way to the great Euphrates River, and
as always, we see God stand by His promises. Israel would have enjoyed every bit
of this land without all the war they endured, had they only driven out ALL of
the enemies from the start, as God commanded, but remember, because they didn't,
God told them that they would forever be as a thorn in the side (pain in the neck
GOD IS VICTORIOUS LESSON WITH GOD IS VICTORIOUS EXPLANATION
Another thing to always
keep in mind, in our own lives, is that a promise is a promise, and God has made
promises to us, but those promises can be rendered void if we make choices (this
is known as free will) that
oppose God. It's a lot easier to understand the fairness of this when you're the
promise maker rather than the promise receiver. Ponder on that sometimes,
especially when you face a time in your life that requires a virtuous decision.
K then, back to the story.
When the Syrians of Damascus came to
rescue Hadadezer, David killed 22,000 of them. Then David put garrisons (army
bases) in Syria and the Syrians became servants to David and brought
him gifts (paid taxes). The Lord gave victory to David wherever he went. He took
the gold shields that belonged to the servants of Hadadezer and brought them back to
Jerusalem. He also brought back a lot of brass from the cities
of Hadadezer's region.
About 60 miles north of Zobah was a
region called Hamath, whose king was named Toi. When Toi heard that
David had defeated Hadadezer's men, he sent his son Joram to congratulate David
and bless him because of his victory. Toi and Hadadezer were previously enemies
of one another. So Joram brought David silver, gold, and
brass and David dedicated it to the Lord along with all the silver and gold
he acquired from Zobah, and the other nations that he defeated during that
period of time which were Syria,
Moab, Ammon, Philistine, and Amalek.
Uh oh, we're coming up on
another one of those parts that has discrepancies when compared to other verses
of the Bible, so let's take a look at all of them and you may decide for
yourself what to conclude.
gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley
of salt, being
To the chief Musician upon
Shushaneduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aramnaharaim
and with Aramzobah, when
returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt
O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been
displeased; O turn thyself to us again.
1 Chronicles 18:12
the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt
Obviously this was three
different accounts of the same event, written by three different authors. You
must admit however, no matter how you slice it, Joab
got robbed, only getting credit for twelve thousand!
The valley of salt, as
one would imagine, was at the south end of the Salt Sea, also known as the Dead
Sea, about 4 or 5 miles west/northwest of Zoar.
You know, sometimes we miss the
reality of the wars in the Bible because we know that usually the hand of the
Lord was with His people and when that was the case, they won. But that doesn't
mean it was all peaches and cream. Take a good slow read of
and through David's words, you can get a better feeling of the actual
reality that those men faced each time they went into battle.
GOD IS VICTORIOUS INFORMATION WITH GOD IS VICTORIOUS MEANING
Now, here comes a really
cool thing. You're about to see prophecy fulfilled here, because as a result of
this victory, David put garrisons throughout all of Edom and they became his
servants. The Lord delivered this prophecy to Rebekah before Jacob (Israel) and
Esau (Edom) were even born, and Isaac told this prophecy to both Jacob and Esau
before he died.
entreated the LORD for his wife, because she was barren: and the LORD was
entreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived. And the children
struggled together within her; and she said, If it be so, why am I thus?
And she went to enquire of the LORD. And the LORD said unto her, Two
nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from
thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people;
and the elder shall serve the younger.
serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and
let thy mother's sons bow down to thee: cursed be every one that curseth
thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee.
And Isaac answered
and said unto Esau, Behold, I have made him thy lord, and all his brethren
have I given to him for servants; and with corn and wine have I sustained
him: and what shall I do now unto thee, my son?
David reigned over all of Israel and
was righteous to all of his kingdom. These were his VIPs:
Joab - commander of the army
Jehoshaphat - recorder (historian)
Zadok and Ahimelech - priests
Seraiah - scribe (secretary)
over the Cherethites and the Pelethites
and David's sons - chief rulers
(princes or principal officers)
Got a little Daily Bread
Crumb for ya! Who are these Cherethites and Pelethites? You'll hear about these
guys several times throughout David's reign. NOT
to be mistaken for the Cherethites mentioned in
Zephaniah 2:5, these guys were also in the "right hand man" category of
David's VIPs. According to Strong's Concordance, the Cherethites were life
guardsmen or what we today would call body guards. The Pelethites were couriers
or official messengers of the king.
We sure are learning a
lot! Can't wait to share more Daily Bread with you next time as we continue our
study of The Second Book of Samuel ... Until then, God bless!
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