MORDECAI AND ESTHER
MORDECAI AND ESTHER STUDY ON MORDECAI AND ESTHER STORY WITH MORDECAI AND ESTHER MESSAGE
Welcome back to
Shushan where we've just gotten underway in our story about Esther here at
Daily Bread. To
refresh your memory a bit, king Ahasuerus had a celebration to show the
kingdom his riches. Then he had another, smaller celebration for just the
people of the palace. When he asked his queen Vashti to make an appearance,
she curtly refused, so Ahasuerus divorced her and made a search for a new
The cousin of
Mordecai the Jew won the honor of becoming the new queen because of her
loveliness. Shortly thereafter, Mordecai heard that two of the king's
chamberlains were planning to murder the king, so he alerted Esther, who in
turn informed the king and the report was written in the king's book of
chronicles, but the king didn't know that it was Mordecai who saved his
That brings us to
where we left off. After that, the king promoted Haman, of the children of
Agag as his top prince above all the others. All the servants bowed and
respected Haman because the king commanded it. However . . . Mordecai didn't
bow to Haman, or respect him. A Jewish man bows to none but God.
The servants of
the king asked Mordecai, Why do you disobey the king's commandment? They
asked him every day, and Mordecai didn't listen to them so the servants told
Haman, to see if this behavior would be tolerated because Mordecai told them
that he was Jewish.
MORDECAI AND ESTHER LESSON WITH MORDECAI AND ESTHER EXPLANATION
AND MORDECAI AND ESTHER SUMMARY
When Haman saw
that Mordecai didn't bow or have any reverence for him, he was infuriated.
He refused to harm only Mordecai, because they showed him Mordecai's people,
so Haman planned to destroy all the Jewish people in the entire kingdom of
In the first
month, called Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, (Esther had been
queen for about five years now) they cast the lot, called Pur, in front of
Haman every day until the twelfth month, called Adar.
Time for a Daily
Bread Crumb! We've talked about how the Hebrews cast lots and this was a
means by which God revealed things to them. Well, the Persian word for this
practice was Pur, though it wasn't divinely inspired like casting lots was
for the Hebrews. They did this to find out which of the twelve months would
be the "luckiest" for Haman to accomplish his destruction of the Jews. Some
also think that in addition this was some kind of game that the people
played in front of, or with Haman daily to distract him from his ire until
the lucky day arrived or that it was some kind of determination as to who
would win the property of the more affluent Jewish families.
Then Haman said to
king Ahasuerus, There's a certain people scattered abroad and diving among
the people in all the provinces of your kingdom as well. Their laws are
different from all people, and they don't keep the king's laws either. It's
not profitable for the king to put up with them. If it pleases the king, let
there be a law written that they may be destroyed, and I'll pay ten thousand
talents of silver to those who are put in charge of the job, to bring it
into the king's treasuries. This was because Haman knew there would be a
loss of tribute with so many people perishing, so he was willing to pay it
out of his own pocket.
The king thought
this was a good idea, so he took his ring off his hand and gave it to Haman,
the enemy of the Jewish people. The king said to Haman, The silver is given
to you, and the people too. Do with them as it seems good to you.
MORDECAI AND ESTHER INFORMATION WITH MORDECAI AND ESTHER MEANING
AND MORDECAI AND ESTHER DISCUSSION
Here's a little
Daily Bread Crumb! In ancient times, the king often gave his ring to someone
who he placed in a seat of honor. Joseph was given the ring of Pharaoh when
he put him in charge of Egypt as well. Now, about the ring itself. You may
have heard of it being called a signet ring. That's because it
was used instead of a signature for decrees and laws and such.
The ring usually had a gem or a stone that was engraved with some kind of
seal (called an intaglio) that represented official authority or
authenticity, so that an impression or engraving could be made with it.
secretaries were called on the thirteenth day of the first month and all
that Haman suggested was commanded in writing to the king's lieutenants,
governors and rulers of every people of every province, in their own
language, throughout the kingdom, and sealed with the king's ring.
The letters were
sent by messengers ordering to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, to
all Jewish people, both young and old, little children and women, in one
day, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, called Adar, and to take
the spoil of them for a prey (take all their goods). This was to be done in
exactly eleven months.
A copy of the
writing was published for all the people so they would be ready for that
day. The messengers went out hurriedly by order of the king, and the decree
was given in Shushan the palace.
When we return,
we'll find out what happens when Mordecai finds out about Haman's evil plan
... So be sure to return for more Daily Bread.