Esther Bible Verses Study
Welcome to our Christianity Oasis Bible Characters study program.
This is our Esther Bible Verses study. The truth within this
SON-derful Esther Bible Verses study will truly enhance your
be-YOU-tiful Christian walk.
Read other studies in our Bible Characters program:
The Book of Esther
Hope you're ready for a truly interesting story that
we're about to study called The Book of Esther.
The story starts off with a grand celebration that the king of Media
and Persia was throwing. King Ahasuerus reigned over more than 127
provinces from India to Ethiopia, known at that time as Media and
First a little bit of background, to bring you more information about
the setting of the story and to acquaint you with the king. As you
may know, the Bible is not completely, in chronological order.
However, if you research some things, you can usually figure out the
general time frame of a story by some clues given. Here are some
things that give us a fairly good idea of when the story of Esther
In the Book of Ezra 4:6,
Ahasuerus was king during the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem.
That would make it somewhere between five and six hundred years
before Christ. In the Book of Daniel, it says that Nebuchadnezzar
ruled in Babylon in the third year of king Jehoiakim, which was 644
years before Christ.
Then Nebuchadnezzar's son Belshazzar reigned as king of the Chaldans
after that, then Darius the Median who was the son of Ahasuerus, took
the kingdom after that as the prophet Daniel predicted, so that puts
us in the same general time frame. It's interesting to notice that
the Book of Ezra and the Book of Daniel are 12 books apart in the
Bible, yet they cover the same era!
The palace where king Ahasuerus' throne was located, was in a place
called Shushan, or on some maps it was called Susa. That pretty well
covers the setting, as for the people, I'll be introducing you to
them as the story unfolds.
Now, in the third year of his reign, King Ahasuerus held a feast for
all his princes, nobles and servants. He showed off the riches of his
glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty for 180 days.
That was quite a long party!
One can imagine it would take quite a long time to properly entertain
all of the princes, nobles and servants of 127 provinces, giving each
a bit of your time. At either rate ... It was quite a party.
After that, the king held another feast for all the people who were
present in Shushan the palace, both great and small, for 7 days in
the court of the garden of the king's palace. The palace was very
elaborate with fancy linens and furnishings and the guests were
served royal wine generously, in all different kinds of golden cups,
as the king commanded.
No one contested the drinking because the king told all the officers
of his house to serve every man as much as they wanted. In addition
to the festivities that the king held, Vashti, the queen, held a
feast for the women in the royal house that belonged to Ahasuerus.
On the 7th day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he
ordered his seven chamberlains to bring Vashti before the king,
wearing the royal crown, to show the people and the princes her
beauty, because she was pretty. But Vashti refused to come at the
king's commandment by his chamberlains. This made Ahasuerus mad and
his anger burned inside him.
This is interesting, don't you think? At the utterance of the name
Vashti, does not an image of a rebellious woman come to your mind?
Let's step back just a pace or two and look at this story closer,
In our perception of what consists of the qualities a virtuous woman,
it may be safe to say that she should be modest, at the very least.
And wouldn't one agree that if a husband held any amount of virtue,
he would protect his bride from anything that was unrighteous? Now,
let's look again at our impression of Vashti, shall we?
Consider this situation. Firstly, the women had a separate feast from
that of the men, as you can imagine at a party where the host offers
as much as you can drink to the men for free ... Well, enough said.
So here we have the king, merry with wine (drunk, in other words) who
orders his top officials (who probably weren't abstaining because
they were designated drivers for the evening, but that is
assumption of consumption) to go fetch the little woman so he could
show everyone what a fox she is.
Now, put yourself in Vashti's shoes for a moment ... You're having a
little get together with the women and seven guys who are partying
with the hubby who is "merry with wine" come to get you to show the
kingdom that not only does the king have fabulous riches but a hot
wife too! Any virtuous women out there who can't wait to walk that
So, Vashti, that snakestress ... was wrong for refusing
to go, because a woman is submissive to her husband, right? Was
Ahasuerus wrong? Does it matter who was ... Wronger?
Take a look at this verse:
And unto Sarah he said, Behold, I have given thy brother a thousand
pieces of silver: behold, he is to thee a covering of the eyes, unto
all that are with thee, and with all other: thus she was reproved.
This was advice that Abimelech gave Sarah ... A husband should be as
a covering of the eyes ... In other words she must look at no other,
nor desire to be looked at by another. And shouldn't a wife trust
that her husband will protect her from such? Why would a righteous
husband put his wife in such a situation which is totally opposite?
That Vashti ... That ... That vixen!
Ahasuerus consulted with his scholars who knew law and the times, and
his seven princes of the kingdom asking them, What should we do to
queen Vashti according to the law, because she disobeyed the order of
the king? One must suppose (tongue in cheek of course), that
punishing the queen would be better than admitting the truth of the
To give balance to this whole situation while we're stroking our
chins and judging who was right and who was wrong, Media and Persia
were not necessarily God fearing realms. So golly, that doesn't
really tip the balance back, does it? We're just going to take a Fox
News perspective here and use their little motto "We report - You
decide." Alas, the infamous "gray area." At any rate ...
It must have been a tough decision for the king, once he sobered up
and realized that he had a situation. Verse 12 says his anger burned
in him. That is pride. He refused to be wrong. Perhaps inside he
suffered a great deal and struggled with pride, as we all do at
times. Only God knows what's in a man's heart.
One of the princes answered, Vashti hasn't only done wrong to the
king, but also to all the princes and all the people of the
provinces. What she's done will become known to women everywhere.
They'll despise their husbands when they hear the news that the king
commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she
It'll cause too much contempt and anger. If it please the king, let a
law be written that can't be changed, that Vashti never be seen again
in the presence of king Ahasuerus, and let the king give her royal
position to another woman, better than her.
When the kings order is proclaimed throughout all his great empire,
all the wives will give their husbands honor, both great and small.
The king was happy with the idea and the law was written. The king
sent letters to every province in their own language that every man
should rule in his own house.
So, the contentious (?) ways of queen Vashti caused her to be
divorced from the king and expelled from his presence forever. And
what happened to the king because he put the queen in such a
precarious situation? Has your impression of Vashti changed?
How often do we judge things, and people, without really considering
all things? Next in our story, we'll find out all about how Esther
became queen in Vashti's place and about a situation that arose when
her cousin Mordecai stood up for his beliefs. See you again for more
of this story in the next chapter.
The Book of Esther
Lovely to see you here at our Daily Bread study of the Book of
Esther. In the first chapter we learned how queen Vashti disobeyed
the commandment of her king, so she was expelled from the palace and
it was ruled that her royal estate would be given to someone more
worthy than her.
So, when the king's anger subsided, he remembered what Vashti had
done and what was ordered against her. The king's servants suggested
that there be a search for beautiful young maidens for the king to be
able to choose a new queen from the group.
The king liked the idea and he appointed officers in all the
provinces of the kingdom to bring all the beautiful young maidens to
Shushan the palace, to the house of the women.
They were put in the care of the king's chamberlain, Hegai, to see
that the customs of purification were followed and the maiden who
pleased the king would become queen instead of Vashti.
Now, in Shushan, there was a certain Jewish man named Mordecai who
was of the tribe of Benjamin, and he'd been taken away with the
captives from Jerusalem when Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon,
carried them all away. Mordecai raised his uncle's daughter (his
cousin) Hadassah, which is Esther because her mother and father had
died and he took her for his own daughter. She was a very lovely
When the king's commandment was declared and many maidens were taken
to the palace, Esther was also brought to the king's house. She
pleased the king and won his kindness, and he readily gave her the
things for purification which were necessary out of the king's house,
along with seven maids. He promoted her and her maids to the best
place of the house of the women.
Mordecai advised Esther not to reveal that she was Jewish, so she
kept it a secret. He walked every day in front of the court of the
women's house to know how she was, and what would become of her.
The custom of purification for women took twelve months. Six months
was with oil of myrrh, and six months with sweet odors and other
things for the purifying of the women. Then each maiden was presented
to the king and whatever she desired was given to her to take with
her out of the house of the women to the king's house.
In the evening, she went, and on the next day she returned to the
second house of the women, to the care of the king's chamberlain,
Shaashgaz who cared for the king's concubines. She was not allowed
into the king's presence any more unless the king liked her, and
called her by name.
When it was Esther's turn, she took nothing with her except what
Hegai advised her, and she won favor in the sight of everyone who saw
her. Esther was taken into the house of king Ahasuerus in the tenth
month, which was called Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign.
The king loved Esther above all the women, and she obtained grace and
kindness in his sight more than all of the maidens, so he set the
royal crown upon her head and made her queen instead of Vashti.
The king held a great celebration for all his princes and his
servants, called Esther's feast and he made a holiday for the
provinces and gave gifts according to the state of the king.
When the maidens were gathered together the second time, then
Mordecai sat in the king's gate. Esther had still not told of her
heritage of being Jewish, as Mordecai had advised her. She obeyed him
as she did when she was brought up by him.
At that time, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, two of the
king's chamberlains who kept guard of the door, were angry with king
Ahasuerus and plotted to kill him.
When Mordecai found out about it, he told Esther and she informed the
king in Mordecai's name. When the matter was investigated, it was
found out to be true and the two chamberlains were both hanged on a
tree, and it was written in the book of the chronicles that Mordecai,
saved the king's life.
And that's how Esther became the queen. Next in our story, there's
some trouble ahead for Mordecai, so you'll want to come back and see
what happens in the next Daily Bread Bible Study.
The Book of Esther
Glad you joined us back at Shushan where we've just gotten underway
in our story about Esther here at Daily Bread. To refresh your memory
a bit, king Ahasuerus had a celebration to show the kingdom his
riches. Then he had another, smaller celebration for just the people
of the palace. When he asked his queen Vashti to make an appearance,
she curtly refused, so Ahasuerus divorced her and made a search for a
The cousin of Mordecai the Jew won the honor of becoming the new
queen because of her loveliness. Shortly thereafter, Mordecai heard
that two of the king's chamberlains were planning to murder the king,
so he alerted Esther, who in turn informed the king and the report
was written in the king's book of chronicles, but the king didn't
know that it was Mordecai who saved his life.
That brings us to where we left off. After that, the king promoted
Haman, of the children of Agag as his top prince above all the
others. All the servants bowed and respected Haman because the king
commanded it. However ... Mordecai didn't bow to Haman, or respect
him. A Jewish man bows to none but God.
The servants of the king asked Mordecai, Why do you disobey the
king's commandment? They asked him every day, and Mordecai didn't
listen to them so the servants told Haman, to see if this behavior
would be tolerated because Mordecai told them that he was Jewish.
When Haman saw that Mordecai didn't bow or have any reverence for
him, he was infuriated. He refused to harm only Mordecai, because
they showed him Mordecai's people, so Haman planned to destroy all
the Jewish people in the entire kingdom of Ahasuerus.
In the first month, called Nisan, in the twelfth year of king
Ahasuerus, (Esther had been queen for about five years now) they cast
the lot, called Pur, in front of Haman every day until the twelfth
month, called Adar.
Time for a Daily Bread Crumb! We've talked about how the Hebrews cast
lots and this was a means by which God revealed things to them. Well,
the Persian word for this practice was Pur, though it wasn't divinely
inspired like casting lots was for the Hebrews. They did this to find
out which of the twelve months would be the "luckiest" for Haman to
accomplish his destruction of the Jews.
Some also think that in addition this was some kind of game that the
people played in front of, or with Haman daily to distract him from
his ire until the lucky day arrived or that it was some kind of
determination as to who would win the property of the more affluent
Then Haman said to king Ahasuerus, There's a certain people scattered
abroad and diving among the people in all the provinces of your
kingdom as well. Their laws are different from all people, and they
don't keep the king's laws either. It's not profitable for the king
to put up with them.
If it pleases the king, let there be a law written that they may be
destroyed, and I'll pay ten thousand talents of silver to those who
are put in charge of the job, to bring it into the king's treasuries.
This was because Haman knew there would be a loss of tribute with so
many people perishing, so he was willing to pay it out of his own
The king thought this was a good idea, so he took his ring off his
hand and gave it to Haman, the enemy of the Jewish people. The king
said to Haman, The silver is given to you, and the people too. Do
with them as it seems good to you.
Here's a little Daily Bread Crumb! In ancient times, the king often
gave his ring to someone who he placed in a seat of honor. Joseph was
given the ring of Pharaoh when he put him in charge of Egypt as well.
Now, about the ring itself. You may have heard of it being called a
That's because it was used instead of a signature for decrees
and laws and such. The ring usually had a gem or a stone that was
engraved with some kind of seal (called an intaglio) that represented
official authority or authenticity, so that an impression or
engraving could be made with it.
The king's secretaries were called on the thirteenth day of the first
month and all that Haman suggested was commanded in writing to the
king's lieutenants, governors and rulers of every people of every
province, in their own language, throughout the kingdom, and sealed
with the king's ring.
The letters were sent by messengers ordering to destroy, to kill, and
to cause to perish, to all Jewish people, both young and old, little
children and women, in one day, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth
month, called Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey (take
all their goods). This was to be done in exactly eleven months.
A copy of the writing was published for all the people so they would
be ready for that day. The messengers went out hurriedly by order of
the king, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace.
In the next chapter, we'll find out what happens when Mordecai finds
out about Haman's evil plan.
The Book of Esther
It's wonderful to have you back again at Daily Bread to continue our
study of the Book of Esther. When we ended, the wicked Haman,
disgruntled because Mordecai wouldn't bow to him or show him respect,
talked king Ahasuerus into giving an order to kill all Jewish people
in the kingdom.
When Mordecai heard about this, he was so sorrowful that he tore his
clothes and put on sackcloth with ashes. Remember it was because he
refused to bow that this decree was given. But, he knew the law, he
was not to bow to any but God. He went into the middle of the city
and cried loudly and bitterly. He even went in front of the king's
gate, because nobody clothed in sackcloth could enter in there.
In each province where the king's commandment and decree went out to,
there was desperate mourning among the Jewish people, and they fasted
and wept and wailed. Many of them wore sackcloth and ashes.
Esther's maids and her chamberlains told her what was going on and
the queen was deeply grieved and she sent clothing for Mordecai but
he wouldn't accept it. Then she gave a message to one of her servants
to take to Mordecai to find out what happened and why.
He took the message to Mordecai and Mordecai told him everything that
had happened, including about the money that Haman promised to pay to
the king's treasuries for the Jewish people, and to destroy them.
Mordecai gave the servant a copy of the writing of the decree to show
to Esther, and he told him to tell her to go in to the king and make
a plea for her people.
The servant went back and told Esther everything Mordecai said and
she sent him back again with another message. It said, All the kings
servants and the people of the kingdom know that whoever comes into
the inner court of the king without being called, whether it is a man
or woman, there is a law that says they are to put them to death,
except those that he hold out the golden sceptre, then they may live,
but I haven't been called to come in to the king for thirty days now.
Mordecai sent his reply, Don't think that you'll have a better chance
to escape in the king's house, more than all the Jewish people. If
you don't speak up now, help and deliverance will come from another
place for the Jewish people, but you and your father's house will be
destroyed. And who knows, maybe you were made queen of the kingdom
for this very reason.
Esther told them to give Mordecai this answer, Go, gather all the
Jewish people together that are in Shushan and fast for me. Don't eat
or drink for three days, night or day. My maidens and I will do the
same and then I'll go in to the king, which is against the law, and
if I perish, I perish.
So Mordecai went his way and did what Esther had told him.
In our next segment, you'll find out more about Haman's hatred for
Mordecai, so come on back soon for more of our Esther Bible Study.
The Book of Esther
Get ready because it seems that in our story today at Daily Bread,
Haman isn't the only one with a plan in mind. Let's look in on
Shushan the palace and see what's happening.
As you recall, Mordecai and all the Jews are fasting for three days
and three nights, and Esther and all her maidens are fasting too, in
hopes that when she goes in to talk to the king, she won't be put to
On the third day, Esther put on her royal clothes and stood in the
inner court facing the king's house, and the king sat on his throne
in the royal house, facing the gate. When the king saw Esther
standing in the court, he was happy to see her and he held out the
golden sceptre in his hand. This meant she was free to enter.
Esther went near him and touched the top of the sceptre, and the king
said to her, What do you wish, queen Esther? What is your request? It
will be given to you, even up to half of the kingdom.
Well, Esther had other ideas in mind and she answered, If it's
alright with the king, I'd like to invite the king and Haman to come
to the banquet that I've planned. So the king said, Tell Haman to
hurry and do as Esther said. The king and Haman went to the banquet
of wine that Esther prepared.
At the banquet, the king said to Esther, What's your wish, and it
will be granted to you. Esther answered, If I've found favor in the
sight of the king, and if the king wants to answer my request, I'd
like to invite the king and Haman to the dinner I've planned for
tomorrow and I'll tell you my wish then.
Well, Haman left that day joyful and with a glad heart, because HE
was invited to dine with the king and queen, but when he saw Mordecai
in the king's gate, and he didn't bow, in fact he didn't even so much
as stand up, or even move for him, Haman was full of indignation for
Mordecai. Even so, Haman refrained himself.
When he went home, he invited his friends and called for his wife
Zeresh. He bragged all about the glory of his riches and about how
many children he had. He went on and on about all the great things
that the king had entrusted to him and how he was above all the other
princes and servants of the king.
Then Haman said, the queen Esther invited no other man but me to have
wine with her and the king today, and tomorrow I'm invited by her
again, with the king. Still, all this brings me nothing as long as I
see Mordecai the Jew, sitting at the king's gate.
Haman's wife, Zeresh and all his friends said to him, Make a gallows
75 feet high and tomorrow, ask the king if Mordecai can be hanged on
it, then you can go in happily with the king and enjoy the queen's
This idea pleased Haman, and he ordered the gallows to be made.
Things are looking a little dire for Mordecai, but Esther has
something in mind ... Or is it God who has a plan? Be sure to join us
and find out what it is, in the next Daily Bread.
The Book of Esther
Happy to have you back at Daily Bread to find out what happens next
in our story about Esther. Sometimes things don't go as people plan,
and that's exactly the case with Haman in this chapter, in fact,
quite contrary to his plans, instead of bringing Mordecai down by
hanging him in the gallows that he had made, Mordecai was rather ...
Lifted up instead! Let's look in on them and find out the details.
It seems that the night before queen Esther's banquet, the king
couldn't sleep, so he ordered the book of the chronicles to be
brought and they were read aloud to the king. Well, it came to the
king's attention that Mordecai was the one who reported that the two
chamberlains of the king were planning to kill king Ahasuerus.
Is it coincidence that the thought came to the mind of this
king to have those chronicles read to him after all this time on
this particular day? God's Hand was at work.
The king asked, What kind of honor and dignity has Mordecai been
given for this? The king's servants replied, Nothing at all has been
done for him. The king then asked, Who's in the court right now?
(Well, Haman had come into the outer court of the king's house to
speak to him about hanging Mordecai on the gallows that he had made
for him.) ... The servants said, Haman is in the court, so the king
said, Tell him to come in.
When Haman came in, the king asked him, What should be done for a man
that the king wishes to honor? Now, Haman thought in his heart, Who
would the king want to honor more than himself? Haman actually
thought the king was talking about Haman himself. Haman answered the
king, For the man that the king wishes to honor, Let the royal robe
that the king wears be brought and the horse that the king rides
upon, and the royal crown that is set on his head:
And let this apparel and horse be taken to one of the king's noblest
princes, so he can display the man who the king wishes to honor and
lead him on horseback through the streets of the city and present
him. That's what should be done to the man who the king is pleased
Ahasuerus then said to Haman, Hurry and take the apparel and the
horse, just as you said, and give this honor to Mordecai the Jewish
man, who sits at the king's gate. Don't leave a single thing out of
all the things that you said.
Oh, you know this about knocked Haman to the floor. But, he
had already opened his big mouth so Haman took the robe and the horse
and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the
streets of the city, announcing, This is what will be done to those
who the king wishes to honor.
Mordecai went back to the king's gate afterward, but Haman hurried to
his house pouting, with his head covered in shame. He told Zeresh his
wife and all his friends all that had happened to him. They told
Haman, If Mordecai is of the seed of the Jewish people, and you've
begun to fall before him, you surely won't prevail against him. (Why
didn't they give him this advice earlier?)
While they were still talking to Haman, the king's chamberlains
hurried over to Haman's house to bring him to the banquet that queen
Esther had prepared. You almost forgot about Esther having a plan
too, didn't ya?
If you think ole Haman ate some crow while parading Mordecai around
the city and honoring the man who he hates, wait until the banquet
Esther has planned! We'll find out if Esther plans to serve crow as
Just a little Daily Bread Crumb to end this story with! Where did the
phrase eating crow come from? Well, to crow is to gloat, brag
or boast, so if you eat crow, it's like eating your words, or
accepting something that you previously fought against.
Another phrase used for this all too common occurrence is
sticking your foot in your mouth. You have to admit, Haman seems
to have an appetite for his own foot quite a bit in the Book of
Be sure to join us again and we'll find out what happens as some
plans fail and some succeed, in our next Daily Bread.
The Book of Esther
Glad to have you back once again at Daily Bread to share this unique
story. Looking back, Haman had just been humbled unbeknownst to the
king, when he was ordered to parade Mordecai around the city in honor
of saving the king's life.
Then after going home and crying in shame to his wife and friends, he
was promptly picked up by the king's chamberlains to be brought to
the banquet of wine that queen Esther had prepared.
When the king and Haman arrived, the king asked once again, What is
your petition, queen Esther and it will be granted to you. Whatever
your request is, it will be granted, even up to half of the kingdom.
Esther answered, If I've found favor in your eyes, O king, let my
life and the life of my people be spared. We've been sold to be
destroyed. If we had been sold for slaves, I would've held my peace,
even though the enemy couldn't compensate for the king's loss.
Ahasuerus said, Who dares presume in his heart to do such a thing?
Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman! The king
in anger, getting up and leaving the banquet, went into the palace
garden. Haman was afraid and he stood up to beg for his life from
Esther because he saw that the king determined evil against him.
Haman threw himself on the bed where Esther was and just then, the
king returned from the garden to the banquet. Infuriated to see
Ahasuerus laying on the bed with his wife ... Said, "Will he assault
the queen also, with me in the house?" While the king spoke, they
covered Haman's face.
Hungry for a little Daily Bread Crumb? It was the custom of the kings
of Persia, that their servants covered the face of anyone the king
was angry with, so the king wouldn't have to look at him anymore.
It was also a custom that the Romans, the Macedonians and possibly
the Persians commonly muffled the heads of prisoners with a napkin or
veil before executing them.
One of the king's chamberlains told the king, There is a gallows,
fifty cubits high, that Haman had made, for Mordecai the man who
saved the king, at Haman's house. The king said, Hang him on it. So
they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai.
Then the king's anger was pacified.
Well, that wasn't the end of the matter. Don't forget that Haman
convinced the king to put in writing and seal with the king's ring,
that Mordecai and his people would be destroyed. Although Haman has
been hung, the writing was still standing.
We'll find out more of what happened when God's divine hand assists
Esther and Mordecai in helping to save His people, next time, at
Daily Bread Bible Study.
The Book of Esther
Greetings to all of you once again from Daily Bread to study the Book
of Esther. As we ended last time, Haman was just hung on the gallows
that he had made in hopes that Mordecai would be hung on it. His
hopes were foiled when Esther told king Ahasuerus that the people who
Haman convinced the king to have destroyed, were Esther's people.
That day, the king gave the estate of Haman to Esther, and Mordecai
stood before the king because Esther revealed that he was her cousin.
The king took off his ring that he had taken from Haman and gave it
to Mordecai, and Esther put Mordecai in charge of the estate of Haman.
Esther spoke with the king once again, falling at his feet and
begging with tears to stop the evil of Haman and the plot that he
began against her people. Ahasuerus held out the golden sceptre
toward Esther and she stood up in front of the king and said, If it's
alright with the king, and if I've found favor in your sight, let it
be written to reverse the letters created by Haman to destroy my
people that are in all the king's provinces. How can I bear to watch
the evil that will happen to them or see the destruction of my
The king said to Esther and Mordecai, I've given Esther the estate of
Haman and hung him on the gallows because he laid his hand to your
people. You may write whatever you like in the king's name and seal
it with the king's ring, for anything written in the king's name and
sealed with the king's ring, may no man reverse.
Did you catch that? That means that the writing that Haman made was
also in the king's name and sealed with his ring, so it was unlawful
for any man, even the king, to reverse it. However, the king
didn't hesitate to say to Esther and Mordecai, Sure, go ahead, write
whatever you want in my name and put my stamp of approval on it!
That's because the hand of the Lord was intervening to save His
people. The Lord provided a way for the king to reverse the order ...
Without reversing it!
The king's scribes were called in on the 23rd day of the 3rd month,
called Sivan, and all that Mordecai wished was written to the
authorities of all 127 provinces, in king Ahasuerus' name and sealed
with the king's ring. The letters were sent by messengers on
horseback, mules, camels, and young dromedaries.
Now, let's find out what had to be written in order to thwart the
devices that Haman had put in place. Now remember that Haman's
writing to destroy Esther and Mordecai's people was to take place on
the 13th day of the 12th month, so they had 8 months and 23 days to
get their message to the people. The king's grant allowed the Jewish
people in every city to gather themselves together and stand for
their life, to destroy, slay and cause to perish, all the power of
the people and province that would assault them, both little ones and
women, and to take the spoil of them for a prize on the 13th day of
the 12th month.
So, now there's an order for the people to kill all of the Jewish
people, and an order for the Jewish people to stand for their lives
and kill those who try and assault them. A copy of the writing was
published for all the people so they would be ready for that day. The
messengers went out hurriedly by order of the king, and the decree
was given in Shushan the palace.
All this, because one man's pride was so strong that he couldn't bear
it when another man wouldn't bow to him. Now, as you may know, this
all happened after the children of Israel were scattered throughout
these 127 provinces after the carry out of Jerusalem.
Perhaps this was one way that God used to remind the Medes and
Persians that although He allowed the captivity of His people, they
were still His people and His strength is still in them.
Mordecai left the presence of the king dressed royally in blue and
white with a great crown of gold and a garment of fine linen and
purple and the city of Shushan was no longer bewildered, but they
rejoiced and were glad.
The Jewish people had light, and gladness, and joy, and honor and in
every province when they heard the news, they had a feast. Many of
the people of the land even became Jewish because the fear of
the Jewish people fell upon them.
As you've seen many times before when God's hand was with the people
of Israel during the conquest of Canaan, nobody could prevail against
them, just as Zeresh, Haman's wife and his friends warned him. Who
would you guess will be the victors in this story? Come on back and
find out, next time, at Daily Bread.
The Book of Esther
Chapter 9 - 10
Great to see you here for the conclusion of the Book of Esther. We
left our story when king Ahasuerus sent letters again to all the
provinces of his kingdom.
This time it was a writing allowing the Jewish people to gather
together, stand up for their lives and lay hand on (defend themselves
against) anyone who tried to harm them on the day that Haman ordered
that they be destroyed.
From the time the letters were sent until the time the king's
commandments were to be executed, Mordecai became more and more
honorable in the king's house and his fame spread through all the
On the 13th day of the 12th month, the enemies of the Jewish people
who hoped to prevail over them, couldn't withstand them because the
Lord caused everyone to fear them. All the kings officers, deputies,
lieutenants and rulers of the provinces helped the Jewish people
because the fear of Mordecai fell on them.
The Jewish people struck all their enemies with the stroke of the
sword, slaughter and destruction to all those who hated them. In
Shushan alone they killed 500 men.
They also slew the ten sons of Haman, but they didn't lay a
hand on their property. You noticed that the word slew was in
italics, so let's have a little Daily Bread Crumb about that word.
The word slew doesn't always mean to put to death. Sometimes it
simply means to strike, overwhelm or affect overpoweringly.
You may recall that in the story of David and Goliath, David slew
Goliath with a stone first, then cut off his head and slew him with
his own sword, 1
Samuel 17:50-51. Did David kill the giant twice! That's quite
impossible, so David must have struck him with the stone, then killed
him with the sword.
Now, back to the story. That day, the number of people slain in
Shushan was reported to the king, and the king told Esther, Your
people have slain and destroyed 500 men in Shushan and the ten sons
of Haman, imagine what they've done in the rest of the provinces.
Now, what else do you wish and it will be granted to you.
Esther said, If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jewish
people that are in Shushan that according to today's decree, let
Haman's ten sons be hanged on the gallows tomorrow.
The king granted Esther's request and they hung Haman's ten sons.
Now, if you wanna look at every possibility, if you read the text in
your Bible, they could have been slain (as in killed) and then hung
afterward as well sort of as a public display, and perhaps this was
just sort of a flashback after the author previously stated that they
The people in Shushan continued to fight against the Jewish people on
the 14th day of Adar, and 300 more Medes and Persians were slain, but
not a hand was laid on their belongings. (Did you notice that the
author made it a point to mention twice that the Jewish people didn't
take any spoil or loot or prey?
Perhaps to point out that the prize of liberating God's people from
this horrible curse of Haman's was what it was all about, not how
much stuff they could come away with.) In the rest of the provinces,
the Jewish people had rest on the 14th day because their enemies
surrendered, and they made it a day of feasting and celebration, but
the Jewish people in Shushan feasted and celebrated on the 15th day.
They also sent gifts to one another.
Mordecai wrote these things and sent letters to all the Jewish people
of the kingdom, both near and far, to establish among them that they
should keep the 14th and 15th day of the month Adar as a memorial
celebration day every year throughout every generation, every family,
every province, and every city.
The name of these feast days are called Purim, after the word
Pur because Haman conspired against the Jewish people to destroy them
and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, but when Esther
came before the king, he commanded that Haman's wicked idea be
returned upon his own head.
The Jewish people enacted and took upon them, and upon their
descendants and anyone who joins themselves to them, and that it
shouldn't fail, that they observe these two days according to their
writing and their appointed time every year so the remembrance of it
is never forgotten. The second letter of Purim was confirmed and sent
to all the Jewish people in all the kingdom with words of peace and
truth and it was written in the book of the chronicles of the kings
of Media and Persia.
The king promoted Mordecai to greatness and all their accomplishments
were also written in the chronicles. Mordecai was made second in
command to the king and he was great among the Jewish people, and
respected greatly by all, acting for the good of his people and
All things work together for good to them that love God, says Romans
8:28. Why was Esther orphaned? Why was she put in her cousin
Mordecai's care? Why was she beautiful? What are the chances that she
would become queen of a kingdom that wasn't even of her people? You
can bet God has things in mind, even when they don't make sense to us
at any particular time.
Remember, that Esther wasn't the picture of courage at first. She was
afraid of approaching the king about saving God's people at first,
but Mordecai's words of truth, and the hand of God turned her fright
into virtue. Do you think Esther knew the last two verses of Proverbs
31? If not, Mordecai sure taught it to her.
30 Favour is deceitful, and beauty is vain: but a woman
that feareth the Lord, she shall be praised.
31 Give her of the fruit of her hands; and let her own
works praise her in the gates.
One more thing before we wrap things up with the Book of Esther.
Queen Esther was a beautiful woman. Chosen from the fairest women of
127 provinces of the kingdom. Why did King Ahasuerus never ask Queen
Esther to strut her stuff in front of his people and princes? Just
Congratulations! You've just finished the study of the Book of
There is a force out there that is attempting to overtake us all; it is Satan. There is another force that is protecting us from him; it is the Holy Spirit. It is a battle for souls. This battle is called Spiritual Warfare, and like it or not, you are right in the middle of it.
How to Prepare for Spiritual Warfare