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Biblical names are important for believers to know and understand as
they remind everyone’s role and status in the Kingdom of God. God
loves to call every believer of Christ by name. Bible also tells us
that God will give a new name to every believer in eternity.
Revelation 2:17 (NIV) says, “Whoever has ears, let them hear what
the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who is victorious, I
will give some of the hidden manna. I will also give that person a
white stone with a new name written on it, known only to the one
The book, “The Names of the Believers in the Bible in Types and
Symbols” has been a great work by Dr. Surya Kumar Daimari. The
uniqueness of Dr. Daimari’s brilliance has been his ability to
encapsulate such a vast subject in concise and in a reader-friendly
manner. Dr. Daimari has done an extensive research in consolidating
and compiling the biblical names. The names, meaning and biblical
references given with a lucid and pragmatic approach are highly
profitable for spiritual development in life’s journey.
I recommend this book as a highly valuable book with extraordinary
spiritual insights. It is a must read for every believer in Christ
Vice President, International Ministry Development,
The author is a freelance writer and a teacher by profession,
presently associated with literature and Church Ministry. He has a
Doctoral Title, “Doctor of Ministry” from the International
Institute of Church Management, Chennai. He has a master’s degree
in English, a master’s degree in Education and a Post Graduate
Diploma in the Teaching of English.
The Author’s Note
The author welcomes reviews on this book from the writers’
The author also welcomes translation of the book in any language of
the world. Willing publishers for this book may please contact the
All rights reserved.
The Names Of Believers In The Bible
by Dr. Surya Kumar Daimari
Names are important because they are the manifestations of a
person’s identity, character, personality and nature. In biblical
times, mostly in the O.T., the name of a person had a significant
bearing in meaning as well as in the personality of the individual.
Abraham in Hebrew means father of multitude,
David means beloved,
Naomi means pleasant,
Daniel means God is my judge,
Solomon means peaceful,
Jehoshua means Yahweh is Salvation etc.
In the N.T. also, the names like the following are heavily loaded in
Philip in Greek means lover of horses,
Mathew means gift of God,
John means God is gracious etc.
In the Bible, we also see that in many occasions, when there was a
change in the person’s character or personality, there was also a
change in the name of the individual. Viz,
(1) God changed Abram’s name to Abraham
Abram in Hebrew means “exalted one” but Abraham means “father of
multitude.” God changed Abram’s name to Abraham because God promised
to make him the father of many nations. The whole families of the
earth should be blessed through his posterity. Gen 17:5
(2) Naomi changed to Mara
Mara means bitter. Naomi had a bitter experience after she had lost
her husband and her two sons. She then wished that she be called
Mara. “Call me not Naomi, call me Mara for Almighty hath dealt very
bitterly with me.” Ruth 1:20
(3) Jacob changed to Israel
Jacob means supplanter. But God said to him,” Thy name shall be
called no more Jacob, but Israel, for as a prince hast thou power
with God and with man and has prevailed” Gen 32:28
In the Bible, God has many individual names, which truly reveal the
very character of God Himself. Viz, the name of God par excellence
is Yahweh. Yahweh means everlasting. God said, “I am that I am.” Ex
The name signifies the meaning that our God is an everlasting God.
And there is no other God but Yahweh. The names like Elohim, El
Elyon, El Shaddai, Jehova-Jereh, Jehova-Shalom, Jehova-Rapha are
remarkable in biblical theology. They refer to God as the living God
who progressively manifested Himself through actual historical
Elohim means the true God,
El Elyon means God Most High,
El Shaddai means God Almighty,
Jehova-Jereh means Jehova will provide (Gen 22:14).
Jehova-Shalom means Jehova our peace (Judges 6:24)
Jehova Rapha means, “The Lord that healeth thee” (Ex 15:23-26) etc.
Jesus Christ is the very image of God (Col 1:15). As God, Jesus has
also many wonderful names. Frances Derk in his book, “The Names of
Christ” # has compiled at least 272 names of Christ found in the
Bible. These names in types and symbols speak of His nature and
deity, His authority and power, His beauty and glory. They are the
manifestations of His divine person that “He was, is and is to
come.” Rev 1:8
#Frances H. Derk
“The Names of Christ”
Dimension Books, Bethany Fellowship, INC.
Minneapolis. Minn. 55438
In the names of Jesus, we have seen a fulfillment of the O.T.
prophecies. Also, in the names of Jesus, we have seen God revealed
in all His glory and majesty.
What is more fascinating, thrilling and exciting is that believers
also have many wonderful names. It is really amazing to think that
many of the names of believers are identical to Christ’s names. They
speak of believers status, nature and attributes on this earth and
their wonderful heritages in heaven.
I have painstakingly made a fresh headway to compile at least 114
names of believers in this book in alphabetical order. These names
are drawn from symbols, types, simile and metaphors etc. These names
are pregnant with spiritual meanings or spiritual truths. In fact,
some are not exactly names but written in adjective forms declaring
the spiritual nature of the believers, viz, Holy, Pure, and Perfect
etc. Jesus has also promised to give us a new name (Rev 2:17), which
bespeaks of our new nature and position in heaven. We have become
the partakers of heavenly things (Rev 8:17). These names are like
precious jewels, which carry the distinctive character of a believer
and his Christ likeness. They are like different facets of glory. A
diligent search of the scripture will reveal that the believers in
Christ have a special identity with Christ- an identity, which bears
distinctive marks of righteousness and their relationship to their
creator. The search itself is an exhilarating one and at the same
time full of blessings.
The names may not be all there. But the few I have compiled in this
book are proof enough to show what we really are, whom we really
belong to and what God really wants us to be like. Precisely, this
is the heart and purpose of the book.
The Names of Believers
In alphabetical order
According to Longman’s Dictionary, the word “Ambassador “ is a
designation of an important official representing his or her country
in a foreign land, viz, the Indian Ambassador to South Africa. The
Hebrew Word “Malak” is translated as “messenger “(II Chr 35:21; Is
30:4; 33:7). The other Hebrew Word is “Sir” which is translated as
“ambassador” in King James version (Josh 9:4; Pr 13:17; Is 18:2; Jer
49:14). In the O.T., the term was used for a messenger sent to other
country with a special mission representing a King or Government (Is
18:2). The Messiah, the Christ is called “the messenger of the Lord
of hosts” (Mal 2:7) and also as “Messenger or Angel of the Covenant”
In the N.T., Paul has used the verb “presbeuo” and “presbei” (noun)
in Greek to claim for himself this lofty designation representing
the heavenly King or the King of Kings, the Christ. Eph 6:20 also
see II Cor 5:20.
In a special sense, very exclusively, all the believers in Christ
are also the Ambassadors of Christ sent to the whole world on a
special mission, i.e. to proclaim the message of reconciliation and
salvation to all man-kind. Mt. 28:19,20; Mk 16:15,16.
‘Angel’ in Hebrew is “malak” and in Greek “aggelos” or “angelos”
both of which mean a messenger. Angels are the supernatural
spiritual beings created by God often depicted in human form. The
main roles of angels include protecting and guiding human beings and
carrying out God’s tasks as messengers.
the angel who redeemed me, Gen 48:16
an angel strengthening him, Luke 22:43
the angel did wondrously, Jud 13:19
angel ministered, Mat. 4:11; Mark 1:13
angel of the Lord open the prison door, Act 5:19
In the Bible, few special terms are used such as,
The Angel of the Lord,
The Angel of Elohim or the Angel of God,
The Angel of the Covenant.
They are used as theophanies, i.e., appearance of God Himself. For
example, “the angel of the Lord who appeared to Moses in the flame of fire
says, ‘I am the God of thy father”. Exodus 3:2-6
Other Bible verses for ‘the angel of the Lord’- Gen 16:7, 9, 10, 11;
Ex 3:2, 4; Num 22:22-38; Mat 1:20, 24; 2:13, 19; 28:2; Lk 1:11; 2:9.
“The Angel of the Lord” is a second member of the Trinity and
prefigures the pre-incarnate manifestation of the Lord Jesus Christ
– the word of God who tabernacled with us in the flesh, the word
incarnate. Thus, Jesus is the true and ultimate messenger sent from
God, the Father to tell the love of God and save the sinful mankind.
His appearances in the Old Testament as the Angel of the Lord were
preludes to the incarnation.
Most interestingly and very precisely, the seven letters of Jesus
Christ in Chapters 2, 3 in the book of Revelation were addressed to
the angels of the seven churches.
Rev. 2:1 says, “Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write—”
The angels of the seven churches were not the angels of the heavenly
beings but the bishops (overseers) or the presbyters or elders of
the church as God’s messengers to that church. They became the
heavenly representatives or the guardians of the church. The angel
becomes the personification of the church itself.
This can be true to all the believers when we truly do the work of a
messenger of the Lord to proclaim the good news of Jesus to the
whole world. The most incredible thing is that Jesus sees us as
angels. And this is the way we become the angels of the Lord.
3. Anointed (Anointing)
In the O.T., passages, the word “Anoint” refers to the rubbing of
the body with oil (specially with olive oil) or pouring of oil on
the head. (Deut 28:40; Ps 23:5; Ruth 3:3; Est 2:12). The idea of
anointing was to set apart, sanctify, consecrate unto God for
special service or install in positions of leadership. Thus
anointing became sacred and untouchable (I Sam 24:6; 26:9).
Generally kings, prophets and judges were anointed with oil. Holy
places and sacred objects were also anointed by sprinkling and
application. The most common word for “Anoint” in Hebrew is “mashah”
from which comes the word “mashiah” later translated as “Messiah” in
English. Messiah means “the Anointed one”. Jesus Christ is the
Anointed one of God. In the O.T., scriptures, the Anointed one
refers to the Messiah which is Christ the Lord. “Chrio” in Greek is
translated as Christ in the N.T.
“mercy to his anointed” Ps 18:50
“the Lord saved his anointed” Ps 20:6
“Look on face of thine anointed” Ps 84:9
“the holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed” Acts 4:27
“how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth” Acts 10:38
The believers in Christ have also been anointed.
“Now he which stablished us with you in Christ, and hath anointed
us, is God.” II Cor 1:21.
In the N.T., anointing is used in a spiritual sense. It refers to
the anointing of the Holy Spirit with an endowment of spiritual
See Jn 2:27
The author of the Hebrews has pictured Jesus as an athlete who has
already run a course and set an example for us. And we have to run
“with patience the race that is set before us.” Heb 12:1 Paul in
his epistles asks us to maintain self-discipline and abide by the
rules to win the race like the athlete.
“—if any one completes as an athlete, he does not receive the
victor’s crown unless he completes according to the rules” II Tim
2:5(Niv) also see I Cor 9:24; Gal 5:7. Our whole life and ministry
are liken to a race or course for a crown.
The word “apostolos” means sent of God, envoy, ambassador, messenger
(Ps 40:7-8; Heb 3:1; 10:5-8).
(1) In the N.T., Jesus is called the Apostle (Heb 3:1) sent by God
to be the Savior of the world. John uses the verb “apostellein” to
mean “to send away”, “send forth” in his gospel. Many times Jesus
Himself said that He was sent of God (see Jn 5:23; 6:44; 10:31;
12:49; 14:24; 17:18; 20:21)
to speak the words of God Jn 7:28-29
to do the will of God Jn 6:38
to reveal God Himself Jn 5:37-47
to give eternal life Jn 17:2-3
(2) In the gospel of Mathew, Mark and Luke, the twelve disciples of
Jesus are called the apostles. Mt 10:20; Mk 6:13; 9:10; 17:5; 22:14;
24:10; Acts 1:26; 2:43; 4:35,37; 5:2. The apostles of Jesus were
eyewitnesses of Jesus’ works and resurrection.
(3) Paul claims the title, apostle also for himself in his epistles,
“Paul, and apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus
Christ, and God the father, who raised him from the dead). Gal 1:1
also see Eph 1:1; I Cor 1:1; Rom 1:1; I Tim 1:1; II Tim 1:1; Tit 1:1
Paul also uses the term apostle in a broader sense for a group of
witnesses of the risen Lord. Rom 16:7; Acts 15:5-6,13; Gal 1:19; I
Cor 9:1-6; Gal 2:9 cf Acts 14:4
(4) In a far broader sense, the members of the Church are also the
apostles, priests, kings, servants and saints of God appointed to
work together for the edification of the whole Church, i.e., the
body of Christ and be a witness unto the entire world. Eph 2:20;
4:11; I Cor 12:1-11; 28-29.
According to B.B. Warfield in his book,” The Biblical Doctrine of
Faith”, the word “Believer” is the first name given to Christians.
In the N.T., believers are referred to those people who have
believed Jesus as the Son of God and accepted Him as their personal
Savior on the authority of the word of God. Believing is an
essential act of saving faith, an exercise only through which a man
can be saved. Peter asked the Philipian jailor,
“Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved, and thy
house.” Acts 16:31
A believer is the one who:
(I) Exercises his faith on Jesus to be saved. Acts 16:31; Rom 10:9
(II) Exercises his faith to be called the sons of God. Jn 1:12
(III) Exercises his faith on Jesus to be called righteous. Rom 3:22,28
(IV) Exercises his faith to inherit all the spiritual possessions. Rom 4:16
“Believer” is the most appropriate name given to a Christian who has
determined to follow the footsteps of Jesus Christ.
Beloved is the one who is loved dearly and compassionately. Jesus is
the beloved Son of God as He is the only begotten of Him (Jn 3:16).
God spoke from heaven at Jesus’ baptism and also at his
“This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” Mt 3:17 also
see Mk 1:11; Lk 3:22; Mt 17:5; Mk 9:7; Lk 9:35; Mt 12:18.
God also called every believer as beloved because of His Son Jesus.
We were not His people but we have now become the people of the
Living God. See Rom 9:25; 11:28; I Pet 2:10
We are God’s beloved because God loved us with His great love. Eph
2:4. I Jn 3:1 says,
“Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that
we should be called the sons of God.”
There is a mention of a “beloved city” in Rev 20:9, which refers to
His beloved people who are being saved. O, what a blessed thing it
is for us to be called the beloved of God.
8. Bishop of Souls
The Greek word for Bishop is “episkopos” which means overseer or
protector. Jesus Christ is called the “Bishop of your souls” I Pet
The term “Bishop” is also used of the elders, pastors and deacons of
the N.T. local Churches. Acts 20:28; Phil 1:1; I Tim 3: 2; Tit 1:7
This title is very appropriate for the people of God specially who
are called for the ministry to feed the Church of God and protect it
from all evils.
Jesus the Son of God is called “the blessed and only potentate, the
King of Kings, and Lord of Lords.” I Tim 6:15 but every child of God
is also called blessed one of God, for God “hath blessed us with all
spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ.” Eph 1:3
See Mt 5:3-11 (known as Beatitude)
“Blessed are the poor in Spirit—”
“Blessed are they that mourn—”
“Blessed are the meek—”
“Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness—”
“Blessed are the merciful—”
“Blessed are the pure in heart—”
“Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake—”
“Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you and
shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.”
Also see Rom 4:7,8; Mt 25:34; Lk 13:35; Mt 21:9,23.
The Church (I.e., the believers in Christ) has been described as the
body of Christ and Christ as the head of the body.
“Christ is the head of the Church.” Eph 5:23
“And he is the savior of the body”
“Head over all things to the Church.” Eph 1:22
“He is the head of the body, the Church.” Col 1:18
“Which is his body.” Eph 1:23; 4:12
Believers are the members of one body (Eph 4:25). Paul is here
emphasizing what the theologians call as the “Totus Christus “
which means “The whole Christ, “ embracing Jesus as the Head and His
redeemed people as the members of his own body.
“For as the body is one and hath many members and all the members of
that one body, being many are one body, so also is Christ.” I Cor
As such the Church ( the believers) must give expression of the
thoughts, words and actions of the ONE who is the Head. The Church
as the body of Christ seems to be quite a mystical idea. But what is
that led Paul to formulate this theme? Certainly, it was his
encounter with the Lord on the Damascus Road. True, he had been
playing havoc with the Christians. Jesus asked him, “Why do you
persecute me?” Paul (Saul) did not persecute Jesus physically since
Jesus was already risen from the dead and taken up to heaven. But
why did Jesus question him like that? This was a new revelation for
Paul. He came to realize something of the mystical union that bound
the Christians and their Lord which is inseparable. This wonderful
truth (Acts 22:7; 9:4,5) under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit
produced his marvelous theme of oneness in the Body of Christ, i.e.,
the Church. It is therefore, the Church represents, one body, one
mind, one soul, one baptism, one Spirit, one blood circulation, one
nervous system and one heart.
Paul’s analysis of the function of the Church under the
illustration of a living human body is remarkable one. There is
only one body but many members with different functions such as the
foot, the hand, the ear, the eye etc. Every member of the body,
however small it may be, is very unique and vital part of one single
body. Missing of one part or damage of one part means the body is
incomplete. There functions are never equal but they work for the
edification of the whole body. This wonderful analogy of the living
human body describes the reality of the Church life as the body of
Christ. Each member of the Church is a living organ without which
the Church cannot function as a living Church.
11. Born Again
“Born Again” is a biblical term or phrase often used to give a
spiritual sense to a Christian or a believer such as – a born again
Christian, a born again believer, a born again child etc. To be born
again is solely the work of the Holy Spirit (Jn 3:1-5). He
regenerates a man spiritually or makes a man alive spiritually from
his death in trespasses and sin. The expression, “born of water and
of the Spirit” in Jn 3:5 signifies both the cleansing work through
repentance and the regenerating work of the Holy Spirit. The
children of God are called born again because they are born of God
and born of the Spirit. IJnJ4: 7; 5:4,18;Jn 3:5. Being born again or
New Birth is a new spiritual experience of a new life in Christ
Jesus. “If any be in Christ he is a new creature.” II Cor 5:17.
(1) In the O.T., the term branch has a symbolic and messianic
connotation with Jesus Himself. Jesus is referred to as “the Branch
of Jehova” Is 4:2, as “the Branch of Righteousness” Jer 23:5; 39:15
also as “the Branch of Jesse” Is 11:1; Acts 2:30; 15:13-19
Jesus was called a Nazarene,
“Jesus of Nazareth” Mt 26:71
The root word for Nazarene is “Nester”. In Greek Nazareth means a
city of Branches. Is 11:1 speaks of the Messiah as “shoot” or
“Twig”- a branch coming out of the stump of Jesse which was to be
cut down from its kingly level. Later, “Nazarene” has become an
epithet of reproach, ridicule and rejection. Jesus truly was a
branch cut down, i.e., rejected, despised and cast out,
“He made himself of no reputation” Ph 2:7
“Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?” Jn 1:46; 7:52
(2) The term “Branch” has also a connotation with the nation Israel-
as God’s blessings and curses on Israel.
Israel the “green olive tree—” Jer 11:16
“The Lord will cut off from Israel —
Branch and rush in one day.” Is 9:14?
“The branches of it are broken.” Jer 11:16
(3) In the N.T., Jesus called Himself as the true vine and his
disciples the branches in Jn 15:1-8. The idea is that when our
personal relationship with Jesus is truly like the braches that
abide in the tree, we can live an abundant Christian life.
The Church has been described as the Bride of Christ and Christ
Himself as the Bridegroom. This marriage analogy speaks of the
wonderful relationship Christ has with the believers.
In Rev 19:7-8, there is the description of the marriage of the Lamb
(Christ) and how His wife (the Church) has made herself ready
arrayed in fine linen, clean and white. In Eph 5:22,23, the
exhortation given to husbands and wives to have a proper
relationship has been illustrated by the relationship of Christ and
The relationship of the Church with Christ as husband and wife is a
great mystery. Paul says in Eph 5:32,
“This is great mystery, but I speak concerning Christ and the
14. Brother, Brethren
In the N.T., the term has been used exclusively for all the
Christian believers who have experienced a spiritual birth. The term
expresses the spiritual relationship among all the believers, which
is based on love “Philadelphia” in Greek, which means love of the
brethren. The believers’ community as a whole is a household of God
where God is their Father and the believers are all brothers loving
one another not in words but in deeds.
See Gal 6:10; IJn 15:12; I Pet 2:17; II Pet 1:7; I Jn 5:1; 3:17-18;
III Jn 5-6; Rom 12:10; I Thess 4:9; Mt 23:8; Rom 8:17; Eph 4:15-16
The term “building” has been used figuratively to mean the Church of
“Ye are God’s building” I Cor 3:9
We are the workmanship of God. God is the real builder and the real
architect. “Except the Lord build the house, they labor in vain that
build it,—” Ps 127:1
16. Called (Ones)
Believers are called by God Himself. Thus we are called ones of God.
The term “call”, “kaleo”, the verb form in Greek has a special
meaning to a believer, which refers to God’s call or invitation to
take part in the blessings of His great redemption.
“We are called unto His Glory.” Pet 5:10; II Pet 1:3
Called “to eternal life” I Tim 6:12
Called “unto fellowship with His Son” I Cor 1:9
Called from darkness unto His marvelous light. I Pet 2:9
Called to satisfaction. I Thess 4:7
Called to freedom. Gal 5:13
Called to life in peace. I Cor 7:15
Called from heaven, Heb 3:1
A call to heavenly life Ph 3:14
A holy calling. Rom 1:6-7; I Cor 1:24; Jude 1; Rev 17:14
17. Child, Children
Most obviously “child” or “children” is the far reaching and the
most appropriate title given to the believers, It manifests the love
and kind of relationship between God and believers, God as the
heavenly Father and the believers as the children.
“We are the children of God” Rom 8:16
“And if children, then heirs, heirs of God, and joint heirs with
Christ.” Rom 8:17 also see Jn 11:52; Gal 3:26; Lk 20:36; I Jn 3:10;
We have also been called,
“The children of Abraham.” Gal 3:7
“Children of the Highest.” Lk 6:35
“The children of Light.” Jn 12:36; Eph 5:8; I Thess 5:5
“Children of prophets” Acts 3:35
“Children of promise” Rom 9:8; Gal 4:28
“Children walking in truth.” III Jn4
“Adoption of children.” Eph 1:5
The phrase, “Children of God” is also identical and equivalent with
the phrase, “Sons of God” with few exceptions in meaning.
“Children of God,” “Tekna” in Greek refers to the birth metaphor
while “Sons of God,” “huioi” to adoption. Whatever may be the sense,
we are both children and sons of God. We have become children of God
or sons of God not through natural courses but by adoption through
Rom 8:15; Gal 4:5; Eph 1:5
In the O.T. passages, we see that God had chosen people for his
specific purposes like Moses, David, and Daniel etc. God had chosen
the nation Israel for a specific purpose, i.e., for His Glory and to
manifest His love to the world. Jesus Christ as a servant of the
Lord is also called the Chosen One of God.
“Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect—” Is 42:1
“Behold my servant, whom I have chosen.” Mt 12:18
In the N.T., we see that the believers in Christ are also the chosen
ones of God.
“Chosen of God and precious—” I Pet 2:4
“Ye are a chosen generation—” I Pet 2:9
“According as he hath chosen us in Him—” Eph 1:4
“God from beginning chosen you to salvation. II Thess 2:13
“I have chosen you out of the world.” Jn 15:19
The term was first applied in Antioch in A.D.43 to the followers of
Jesus Christ by the unbelievers, most probably by the Gentiles. The
word appears in the N.T. only three times, Acts 11:26; I Pet 4:16.
By this time a large numbers of Gentiles also became the followers
of Jesus Christ for the first time. And most probably the term was
applied to these new followers by their enemies and was used in
However, the appropriateness of the term cannot be denied to
designate the followers of Christ.
See Is 65:15; Lk 6:22; Mk 9:41; Acts 5:40; 2:38
The Church has been described as the Body of Christ, while Christ
Himself as the Head.
“—be the head over all things to the Church, which is his body—” Eph 1:22,23
“—Christ is the head of the Church, and he is the savior of the body.” Eph 5:23
“—edifying the body of Christ.” Eph 4:12
All the believers that were saved were added to the Church daily,
i.e. Body of Christ. Acts 2:47
The word “Church” is derived from two Greek words,
(1) KYRIAKOS as used in some such phrases, as KYRIAKON DOMA or
KYRIAKE OIKIA meaning the Lord’s house. Eph 2:22; I Pet 2:5; I Cor
(2) The other word is “EKKLESSIA” EK means out of and KALEO means to
call out. So EKKLESSIA means a call out company or an assembly of
people of a particular place. While we refer it to Christ’s Church,
it would mean, “A call out body in Christ.” Ref. Mt 18:17; Acts
2:47; 7:38; Eph 1:13,22-23; 2:17,18; 4:4-6
It is really amazing to think that we have been called as,
The Church of God. I Tim 3:5; Acts 20:28; I Cor 11:22
Churches of God. I Thess 2:14
Church of the first-born. Heb 12:23. Jesus calls it, “My Church” Mt 16:18.
A glorious Church. Eph 5:27 also see Eph 5:24-32
All the believers from all corners of the world are also regarded as
the citizens of a heavenly commonwealth.
“—fellow citizens with the saints and of the household of
God. Eph 2:19 also see Heb 1:16; 12:22; 13:14; I Pet 2:9-11
They will reign one thousand years with Christ in His millennial
kingdom. But this is not the end; they will also enter the new
heavens and the new earth, i.e., the New Jerusalem and reign with
Christ forever more.
“—and we shall reign on earth.” Rev 5:10
“—shall reign with him a thousand years.” Rev 20:6
“—and they shall reign forever and ever.” Rev 22:5
There is a mention of a beloved city in Rev 20:9 of which we are the
Clay minerals are used in the making of pottery, fine china, fired
brick etc. Pottery is an art and was wrought by hands. Pottery
existed before 3000 B.C. in the land of Palestine and Ezypt. The
discovery of potter’s wheel had given a new shape to this art. The
design, the painting and the beauty are the reflection of the
greatness of the skill of the potters in the biblical times. Clay is
metaphorically used in many places in the Bible.
In a figurative sense, the creator is liken to a potter and his
people as the clay.
“We the clay, thou our potter.” Is 64:8
“as clay in the potter’s hand” Jer 18:6
“the potter over the clay “ Rev 9:21
“he might make — on the vessels of mercy—” Rom 9:21
See also Is 45:9; 29:16; Job 10:9; 33:6?
The pliability and cohesiveness of the clay give the better results
in the making of fine potteries. In the same way, in the hands of
God, we are as the clay. God has the power to mould us in accordance
with His own will.
23. Co-heir, Heir, Fellow-heir
Jesus Christ is the heir,
“This is the Heir” Mt 21:38
“—whom he hath appointed heir of all things—” Heb 1:2
He is also the “possessor of heaven and earth” Gen 14:19
Now “Co-heir” means one of the two persons who have also a share in
In the N.T., the inheritance is related to the son ship of the
believers through Jesus Christ and also the eternal kingdom of God.
Rom 8:17; Gal 4:7; Mt 21:43
It also includes the glory and the incorruptible resurrection life
of the believers in the new heaven and earth. See I Cor 15:50-57 cf
I Pet 1:4; Heb 11:10,16; 12:22-25; Rev 21:1
On the basis of Christ’s death and resurrection and also because we
have believed in Him, we have become co-heirs with Him of our
inheritance in God.
“—heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ” Rom 8:17
“—ye Abraham’s seed and heirs according to the promise.” Gal 3:29.
“—an heir of God through Christ” Gal 4:7
“—we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of Him—” Eph 1:11
“—the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saint.” Eph 1:18
“—be fellow heirs and of the same body and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel.” Eph 3:6
“who shall be heir of salvation” Heb 1:14
“become heir of righteousness” Heb 11:7
“heir of the Kingdom” Ja 2:5
“as heir together of grace” I Pet 3:7
The Lord of hosts is called.” the Crown of Glory.” Is 28:5
A crown is a symbol of victory and reward. See Pr 4:9; Is 61:3
There is a reward of an unfading crown of glory for a believer at
the time of Christ’s return. (I Pet 5:4)
It is a crown for righteousness, II Tim 4:8
A crown that will last forever, I Cor 9:25
A “crown of life,” Rev 2:19
What is more amazing is that the believers are regarded as the
Crown of rejoicing, I Thess 2:19
Joy and Crown, Ph 4:1
25. Deacon, Deaconess
The verb form for Deacon is “diakonein” which means, “to serve”, “to
wait at a table”, while the noun form is “diakeneo” meaning,
minister, servant. In the N.T., the term is used to mean the
(1) the waiter at a meal, Jn 2:5,9
(2) the servant of a master, Mt 22:13; Jn 12:26
(3) the servant of a spiritual power, Col 1:23; II Cor 3:6; Rom 15:8
(4) the servant of God, II Cor 6:3; II Cor 11:23
(5) a servant of the Church, Col 1:24-25; I Cor 3:5
So far as the duties of deacons or deaconesses are concerned in the
Churches, they were to take care of the widows and orphans and deeds
of charity and the teaching the word diligently. Later, the word
“deacon” is used of a special office of a deacon.
“The office of a deacon” I Tim.3:13
The Greek word for “Disciple” is “Mathetes” which refers to a pupil
who submits himself in the processes of learning under the teacher
or Guru. Interestingly the word “Mathematics” in English comes from
“Mathetes” which literally means, “Disposed to learn”.
In the N.T., the term is used over 270 times. In a restricted sense,
the term is used of the disciples of John the Baptist and the 12
disciples of Jesus. But in a more broader sense, in the N.T., the
word is understood to mean all the followers of Jesus who have
strived to conform to His principles,
“If you hold my teaching, you are my disciples” Jn 8:31; also see
Mt 11:29; Lk 19:37; Acts 6:2
The term “disciple” seems to be more appropriate a name for a
believer because; it is more than a Christian in essence. It is a
descriptive term to evaluate the character of a Christian, i.e.,
discipline, determination, dedication etc.
27. Dwelling Place
Believers are the dwelling place of God Himself. The Hebrew word
“Shakan” is often used of God’s dwelling among His own people, which
mean, “to settle down and remain or dwell permanently”. Christ is
the manifestation of God’s presence and glory among men.
“And the word became flesh and tabernacled among us” Jn 1:14;
Also see Heb 8:2; 9:11; Col 2:9
“ —as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and
I will be their God, and they shall be my people — And will be a
father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the
Lord Almighty.” II Cor 6:16,18
“an habitation of God through Spirit.” Eph 2:22
See Tabernacle, Temple
Elect means chosen or selected. The Greek word “eklegomai” which
means to choose or select out of a larger group for a special
purpose. God had been selecting people from the days of old for His
special fervor and purposes. He chose men like Abraham, Aaron, David
etc. He chose the nation Israel as His special people for a special
purpose, i.e. to manifest His glory unto the whole world. Is 44:1;
Jesus Christ is an elect of God Himself. The believers in Christ are
also an elect of God, “elect according to the foreknowledge of God
the father.” I Pet 1:2
Elect men and women are chosen by an all wise God on the basis of
grace, justice, mercy and love not on the basis of human merit. See
Is 28:16; 42:1-4; Rom 11:5; 8:33-39; 11:28; Eph 1:4-5; Rom 9:11 cf
II Tim 1:9
See Chosen, Called
The Greek word “Euangelion “ has been translated “Gospel” in
English. “Gospel” means God spell or good news. So evangelist means
one who proclaims the good news. The verb “evangelizo” in Greek
means to evangelize, i.e., to bring the good news to someone. In the
N.T., good news means the good news of salvation in Christ Jesus.
“—the power of God unto salvation to every one” Rom 1:16
See Rom 1:14; Heb 1:1-2; I Cor 1:23
In the N.T., Evangelists are listed with apostles, prophets, pastors
and teachers. Eph 4:11. Philip was called an evangelist (Acts 21:8).
Timothy was exhorted to do the work of an evangelist more than his
pastoral ministry. II Tim 4:5
In a more broader sense, every child of God is an evangelist in the
evangelization of the whole world. Evangelism is one of the greatest
responsibility delegated to every child of God. And this is our
priority to have the end time harvest.
Jesus is called,
“Faithful and true—” Rev 19:11
“—The faithful witness—” Rev 1:5
“—the faithful and true witness” Rev 3:14
“—a merciful and faithful high priest” Heb 2:17
“—he is faithful that promised” Heb 10:23
“He is faithful and just” I Jn 1:9
God also wants us to be faithful as the children of God.
“be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.” Rev 2:10
“—in stewards, that a man be found faithful.” I Cor 4:2
“He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much –--” Lk 16:10
33. Fig Tree
The fig tree was one of the most widely cultivated trees in
Palestine in Biblical times. The tree was also supposed to be the
most valuable and beloved of trees, the fruit of which was eaten
fresh and dried. The fig tree has several symbolical implications in
the Bible. It was a symbol of safety and prosperity (I Kings 4:25;
Is 36:16; Zech 3:10). It was also the symbol of blessings and curses
(Hos 2:12; Joel 1:7,12; Hab 3:17; Mt 21:18-21). Many often the fig
tree has been used as a symbol of Israel (Is 34:4; Jer 24:1-8; Hos
9:10; Lk 13:6-9) Jesus taught his disciples a valuable lesson from
the fig tree (Lk 13:6-9; Mt 21:18-20) and the result of being
failure to produce fruits. And if it does not bear fruits, it will
be chopped down. The same applies to every Christian. (Jn 15: 5,6)
Jesus is designated as the:
“First begotten” Ps 2:7; Acts 13:33; Heb 1:6; 5:5
“First begotten of the dead” Rev 1:5
“First born from the dead” Col 1:18
“First born of every creature” Col 1:15
“First born among many brethren” Rom 8:29
Jesus is called first-born in the sense that He is the unique and
eternal Son of God (Rom 8:29; Heb 1:6) who was before all things (Jn
1:2-3) and that He is the first to arise from the dead to live
eternally (Col 1:18; Rev 1:5). Thus, He is the first born to have
the Rights of Primogeniture and the Authority over all things.
The Believers in Christ (the one true Church in heaven) are also
called the first-born, which is really wonderful.
“—the Church of first-born ones who are written in heaven” Heb
It literally suggests that the name of every child of God has been
written in the book of life from the foundation of the world that He
be “a joint heir with Christ, an heir of all things unlimited.”
The “First-born” speaks of our co-status and privileges and the
peculiar rights with Christ Jesus in God’s household, i.e., the
35. First Fruits
The ceremonial presentation of first fruits has several figurative
or symbolical implications both in the O.T. and N.T.
(1) Most obviously, in the O.T. the chosen nation Israel is referred
to as God’s “First Fruits” wholly dedicated to God. Jer 2:3
(2) In the N.T. Christ in His resurrection is spoken as the First
“But now is Christ risen from the dead and become the First Fruits
of them that slept. “I Cor 15:20
“—Christ the First Fruits,—” I Cor 15:23
(3) The believers in Christ are also spoken as a “kind of First
Fruits” Jas 1:18
In this way, we have become a wonderful specimen of God Himself,
wholly dedicated to Him.
36. Fishers of men
The disciples of Jesus were all fishermen. Fishing was their
occupation and business. But now Jesus has called them to follow him
by leaving behind their fishing business.
“Follow me I will make you fishers of men.” Mt 4:19;Mk 1:17; Lk
Jesus has used this concept of fishing metaphorically in order to
portray the entire and true mission of His Church. The whole world
is the sea and the believers are the fishermen to catch fish unto
The term “Flock” is a figurative expression used of God’s people.
The prophets Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezakiel, Micha and Zachariah all used
“Flock” in reference to Israel, eg, Is 40:1, “He shall feed his
Flock like a shepherd.”
Jesus used this expression “One Flock” of His Church in Jn 10:16,
“There shall be one fold and one shepherd.”
Paul admonished the Ephesian elders to take heed to” all the flock”,
i.e., the Church in Acts 20:28-29
See Sweet Savour
Jesus is regarded as our best friend. He was even called, “Friend of
publicans and sinners” Mt 11:19; Lk 7:34 A true friendship is based
upon love and sacrifice.
“Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life
for his friend.” Jn 15:13
“A friend loveth at all times.” Prov 27:6
“There is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother.” Prov 18:24
Jesus showed his true friendship to us by giving his own life. Jn
Jesus also called us his friends.
“Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you.” Jn 15:10
“Henceforth I call you not servants — but I have called you
friends; for all things that I have heard of my father have made
known unto you.” Jn 15:15.
42. Great, Greater, Greatest
God is described as great in the Bible. II Sam 7:22; Ps 104:1; Is
In the N.T., Jesus is called,
1. A Great Prophet, Lk 7:16
2. Great God, Tit 2:13
3. Great High Priest, Heb 4:14
4. Great Shepherd, Heb 13:20
5. Great Light, Mt 4:16
6. Great Power, Eph 1:19
Jesus also calls the believers great,
“—be called great in the Kingdom of God.” Mt 5:19
He also uses the word “Greatest” which can be ascribed to a believer
in the Kingdom of God. Mt 18:1,4,6; Mk 9:34; Lk 9:46
See Dwelling Place
Head signifies one in authority and power or the uppermost. The
important N.T. usage is that-
Christ is “the Head over all things”Eph 1:22
“the Head of His Church called His body” Eph 4:12; Col 1:24
“the Head of the Universe” Eph 1:22 and
“every cosmic power” Col 2:10
“the Head of Christ is God” I Cor 11:3
“the Head Stone” Zech 4:7 cf 10:4
The Israel is to be called the Head of the nations. Deut 22:13
God wants that His children be head and not the tail on this earth.
“The Lord shall make thee head and not the tail.” Deut 28:13
In the Bible, Jesus is called,
“The Holy one of Israel,” Is 12:6; Mk 1:24
“the Most Holy,” Dan 9:24 cf Heb 7:26; Rev 3:7; Ps 45:6; Jn 8:46;
10:36; Heb 1:8-9
“the Holy child” Lk 1:35
“the Holy one” Lk 2:23
“the Holy High Priest” Heb 7:26
“For thou only art holy” Rev 15:3-4
In the N.T., the word of God teaches us that a believer is also
sanctified by the sacrifice of the body of Jesus. Heb 10:10
“—to those sanctified in Christ and called to be holy —(NIV) I Cor 1:2
“—for he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless.” (NIV) Eph 1:4.
This holiness or sanctification is God’s will for us.
“It is God’s will that you should be sanctified.” I Thess 4:3
The Hebrew word for holy is “qudesh” and the Greek is “hagios” which
signify the meaning of separation from all kinds of uncleanness and
evil for the consecration to God. Thus a Christian is separated and
consecrated to God Himself with the holiness of Christ imputed to
47. Holy Nation
The Israel as a nation is called holy nation. Ex 19:6. In the N.T.,
the believers are also called a holy nation.
“But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy
nation—” I Pet 2:9
48. Holy Priesthood
49. Holy Temple
In the O.T., the temple refers to the place where the Jewish people
worshipped and sacrificed in Jerusalem. The Greek word is NAOS
(Sanctuary) consisting of the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies. It
is a place where God Himself resides. The Lord Jesus uses the same
word NAOS of His body, His life; and what a perfect of life that
manifested the glory of God. The Church is the NAOS, which is His
body. Eph 1:23. The Church i.e., the believer is called,
“A Holy temple in the Lord — a habitation of God in Spirit.” Eph 2:21
“Know ye not that ye are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?” I Cor 3:16
“—the temple of the Holy Ghost—” I Cor 6:19
“—the temple of the Living God—” I Cor 6:16
The term “house” is often used to mean the dwelling place of God.
“I went to the house of God” Ps 42:4; 55:14
“Let us go up to the house of God” Is 2:3; Mt 4:2
Jesus also used this term figuratively as, “my house of prayer” Mt
21:13; Mk 11:17; Lk 19:46 cf Is 56:7
“that my house may be filled—” Lk 14:23
“make not my Father’s house an house of merchandise.” Jn 2:16
The “house” is used figuratively to mean the believers, i.e., the
Church, we are the house of Christ Himself,
“But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we—” Heb 3:6
“A spiritual house” I Pet 2:5
The Greek word is “OIKOS” which has been translated as household.
Households refer to the families, such as,
The household of Lydia (Acts 16:15);
Stephens (I Cor 1:16);
the household of Caesar (Phil 4:22) etc.
Household is also used of the Christian believers forming the:
“Household of God” Eph 2:19,
“household of faith” Gal 6:10 (NASB)
It has been described as the dwelling place of God where he resides
and becomes our Father and we His sons and daughters. II Cor 6:16-18
The word is found only in KJV. In most of the modern versions the
words like the following are used in place of husbandman, farmer (NASB,
Is 28:24; 61:5; Jer14: 4)
Plowman and thresher (RSV, I Cor 9:10)
Vinedresser (Jn 15:1 RSV) and
Vine-grower (Mt 21:33, NASB)
In a figurative sense, every child of God is like “husbandman that
laboureth must be first partaker of the fruits” II Tim 2:6
In NIV, he is described as “the hardworking farmer.”
Figuratively, God has been described as a husbandman in Jn 15:1 and
the believers or the Church as His husbandry in I Cor 3:9.
“Husbandry” means field or the farm, the vineyard (Mt 21:33-41; Mk
12:1-9; Lk 20:9-16). As a vineyard of God, He expects from us the
maximum fruits or the results.
54. Image of God
Man is said to be created in the image of God (Gen 1:26-27). It
means that God created us like Himself. God is a personal spiritual
being (Jn 4:24). Man as the image of God, is made as a personal
being in the natural likeness to God. He is made in the original
righteousness and holiness of God. It means that the spiritual
character of man was made in the likeness of God. God is a spiritual
being. He does not have a physical body like us. But man on the
other hand, is a unitary being. He is composed of both body and
soul. The body is a self-expression of his soul. Thus the body of
man is an expression of a spiritual body. “Expression of His
Substance.” (Heb 1:3,5,6; Ps 2:7; II Sam 7:14)
Man will also inherit a spiritual body (I Cor 15:44) at the time of
Before the fall, man was not subject to the principle of death. He
was created as an immortal being. But after the fall due to his
disobedience, he lost the original righteousness of God. Sin entered
the man and impaired the entire likeness of God and man became
corrupted. The moral image of God is entirely lost (Rev 3:10-11). As
a result “Death” came to reign over all men. Rom 5:14
However man did not loss his natural likeness of God. He is still
capable of regaining his original righteousness. Man possesses the
receptivity of redemption while the Satan does not. God made this
possible only through Jesus Christ who is the true and perfect image
of God. (Col 1:15; II Cor 4:4).
Through the redemption work of Christ, a believer is regenerated and
recreated in the image of God, i.e., the righteousness and holiness
of God. It is through faith that he inherits eternal life and he is
gradually transformed into the very image of the Son of God.
See Rom 8:29; II Cor 3:18; I Cor 15:42.
The name “Israel” (Ysrael) meaning, “he persists with God” was first
given to Jacob, the son of Abraham by God Himself during his
encounter with the Angel of the Lord at Peniel (Gen 32:28). The name
was latter applied to the twelve tribes or descendents of the twelve
sons of Jacob. “The sons of Israel” was the national designation of
the Hebrew people. (Ex 1:9,12)
Israel was recognized as a nation chosen by God Himself. God made
a covenant with people of Israel at Mt Sinai by the sacrifice of the
Lamb (Gen 17:10-11; Ex 24:3-8).
Ex 5:1 (ASV) reads,
“Thus saith Jehova, the God of Israel, let my people go—”
“Thou art my servant Israel” Is 44:3
“my servant Israel” is a personification of Christ, which is indeed messianic.
Israel was called God’s firstborn, which is indeed a figure of
“Israel is my son, even my firstborn.” Ex 4:22
Now, the children of God are the “NEW ISRAEL.” God made a new
covenant with the redeemed people based on Christ’s death on the
cross. Heb 9:15-17
“For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor
uncircumcision, but a new creature. And as many as walk according to
this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.”
As a new Israel, the chosen people of God in Christ, God wants to
make us a channel of blessing to all the world. The world should see
the “Shekinah Glory “ of God through His redeemed people.
Jesus as the Messiah is pictured as a judge all throughout the Bible
to bring in “everlasting righteousness” Dan 9:24. Also see Is 2:4; 11:3-4;
16:5; 42:1-4; Mich 4:1-4; Mt 12:18; 25:31:-46; Lk 12:14; Rom 2:16
Jesus is a “Righteous Judge” Jn 5:30; 12:47-46; I Tim 4:6,8
Jesus is the “Judge of the living and dead” Acts 10:42.
Jesus is seen sitting in the judgment seat and the Great White
Throne ... Rev. 16:7; 19:2; 20:12-15
Most interestingly, the believers are also pictured as judge to
judge the world and the angels. I Cor 6:2-3 cf Dan 7:18-22; Mt
19:29; Rev 2:26-27; 3:21.
Jesus is the “Just One” Acts 7:52; Lk 1:17; I Jn 1:9; Rev 15:3
“He might be Just and justifier of him which believeth in
Jesus—” Rom 3:26
In the Bible, believers are also called just,
“The just shall live by faith.” Heb 2:4; Rom 1:17; Gal 3:11; Heb
10:38; 12:23 also see Is 26:7; Pr 20:7;4:18
“We are justified freely by God’s grace through the redemption that
is in Christ Jesus.” Rom 3:24
58. King, Kings
Jesus is pictured as King by divine prerogative in the entire Bible.
He is described as,
“King of Glory” Ps 24:7-10; 50:7-15; I Cor 2:8; II Cor 3:10; Eph 4:9; Ph 2:9-11
“The Eternal King” Mic 5:2; I Tim 1:17; Rev 18:14
“Prophesied King” Zech 9:4; Is 6:5 cf Mt 21:5; Jn 12:15
“God’s King” Gen 49:10; Num 24:17; I Sam 2:9-10; Ps 2:6 cf Acts 13:33
“The Covenant King” II Sam 7:4, 16; 23:1-5
“The King Messiah” Ps 2:17; Is 9:6-7; Zech 12:8; cf Jn 1:49; Acts 15:14-17; Mt 9:27;12:23; 15:22; 21:9; 22:41
“The King of the Jews” Is 32:1; 33:17; 43:15; 44:6; Ez 37:22,24 cf Mt 2:2; 27:11,19,37; Mk 15:26
“The Priest King” Ps 110 cf Heb 7:1-3
“The Righteous King” Is 32:1; Ps 72:1-4; Heb 7:2; Jn 18:37,38; 19:3-6
“The King of Kings” Ps 89:27 cf I Tim 1:17; 6:15 Rev 1:5; 17:14; 19:6-16.
But the most precise revelation is that the believers are also
“Ye have reigned as kings” I Cor 4:8
“Kings and priests unto God” Rev 1:6; 5:10.
We are going to reign in heaven as kings and priests.
59. Kingdom of Priests
“Lamp-stand” in the O.T. refers to the sacred lamp-stand with seven
branched lamps placed in the tabernacle (Ex 25:31; Num 3:31; 8:8)
and also the ten lamp-stands in the Solomon’s temple (I Kings
7:48-49; II Cor 4:7; Jer 52:19).
In the N.T., the lamp-stand represents the seven Churches in the
Asia Minor in John’s vision (Rev 1:20). The lamp-stand was an object
for elevating a burning lamp for a wider diffusion of light. Lamps
were generally burned with olive oil by means of a flux. The
figurative use of the lamp-stand rightly befits the Church because
the world should see the “Shekianah” glory of God in the Church.
“We are labourers together with God” I Cor 3:9
“Labouring night and day” I Thess 2:9
As a labourer of God, we have to work for God and for His glory, And
this is our the highest priority.
“Light” is the most significant symbolism for our Lord Jesus Christ.
He is pictured as, “the true Light” Jn 1:19.
In the O.T., he is called,
The “Light of the Morning” II Sam 23:1-5 He Himself has said,
“I am the Light of the World” Jn 8: 12; 9:5
“I am come a light into the world” Jn 12:46
Interestingly, Jesus also calls the believer,
“Ye are the Light of the World” Mt 5:14
The children of God are also called,
“the children of Light” Lk 16:8; I Jn 1:7; 2:8-10.
They are “not of the night, nor of darkness” Col 1:13
They have been “called out of the darkness into his marvelous light” I Pet 2:9
Therefore, they are to “walk in the Light” (I Jn 1:7) and “shine as
lights in the world” Phil 2:15 cf Mt 5:14
The symbolical significance of the light is that the people of God
and glorify our Father in heaven. Mt 5:16.
Meek means lowly. Jesus said of Himself, “I am meek and lowly.” Mt
Jesus also used the word for His believers. It means that the Lord
wants us to be meek and lowly as He is.
“Blessed are the meek” Mt 5:5; Mt 21:15; I Pet 3:4 also see Ps 22:26; 25:9; 37:11; 147:6
Meekness should be the very characteristic of a believer.
“Walk with meekness” Eph 4:2
“Put on meekness—” Col 3:12
“Follow after meekness of wisdom” Ja 3:13
“Showing all meekness to all men” Tit 3:2
Mercy means compassion, sympathy, pity etc, God is described as
“–merciful and gracious—” Ex 34:6
“—He is ever merciful—” Ps 37:26
“—a merciful God” Jona 4:2
Our Lord Jesus Christ has been described as:
“—a merciful High Priest” Heb 2:17
Mercifulness is the very characteristic of a believer,
“be merciful as your father is merciful” Lk 6:36
“the merciful shall obtain mercy.” Mt 5:7
The word “Minister” in the O.T. was applied to those classes of
people who served in the sanctuary or in the Tabernacle (Heb 8:2-6;
Ministers are the people who allow themselves to the public ministry
of holy things, i.e., the work of prayer, sacrifice and worship. In
the O.T., the ministers were generally the priests and the Levites
Jesus Christ is regarded as,
“A Minister of the sanctuary, and of the true Tabernacle, which the
Lord pitched and not man.” Heb 8:2
“He obtained a more excellent ministry.” Heb 8:6
The believers in Christ are also the most privileged people to be
called the ministers of God.
“Men shall call you ministers of God.” Is 61:6
“God’s ministers” Rom 13:6
“ministers by whom ye believed.” I Cor 3:5
“as ministers of God” II Cor 6:4
“ministers of righteousness.” II Cor 11:15
“so accounts us ministers of God to thee.” I Cor 4:1
“—is minister of God to thee.” Rom 13:4,6
“–-- a faithful minister” Eph 6:21; Col 1:7
“minister of God” I Thess 3:2
“—a good minister of Christ” I Tim 4:6
“—make thee a minister and witness” Acts 26:16
The word mission means “an act of sending away” and “missionary”
means the one who is sent away to a foreign country with a special
task to perform. In Biblical terminology or usage it refers to the
one who is sent away to do the mission of God, i.e., to preach the
gospel of salvation. The word “mission” or “missionary” is not
however found in the Bible. But the very idea or concept of the word
is found in many passages of the Bible. Our God is seen as a great
missionary God because He sends His only begotten son ‘Jesus Christ’
to the world so that whoever believes in Him should not perish but
have eternal life. Also see Jn 17:3, 18. God is therefore in fact a
sender missionary. Our Lord Jesus Christ is seen as a great
missionary Savior for He said, “I am come that they might have life
and that they might have it more abundantly. Jn 10:10. Jesus Christ
is seen as a going missionary because he has come to seek and save
the lost. Lk 19:10.
The disciples of Jesus were the missionaries of our Lord because it
is Jesus who sends them away to the whole world.
“Go into all the world “ Mk 16:15; Mt 28:19,20.
“As thou has sent me into the world even so have I also sent them
into the world.” Jn 17:18
The Church of Christ is a missionary Church today because she has to
fulfill the vision of Christ evangelizing the whole world. The
vision and mission of Christ are culminated in the great commission
which He first gave to His disciples. Mt 29:19-20; Mk 15:15. This
great commission has been entrusted to the Church today. It has
mainly five fold activities.
1. Go- “into all the world.” Mk 16:15
“to the uttermost part of the world” Acts 1:8
2. Preach- “Preach the gospel to every creature” Mk 15:15
3. Make disciples- “make disciples of all nations” Mt 28:19.
4. Baptize- Baptize one who believes” Mt 28:19; Mk 16:16
5. Teach- “teach all nations” Mt 28:20
Teaching—“all things whatever I have commanded you”
The vision of Christ is not only to evangelize the whole globe but
also to make disciples of all nations. Therefore, the need of
disciple making is essentially great. As the missionary of Christ,
the Church has to fulfill this world vision and world mission of
Christ. The Holy Spirit is a missionary Spirit. As an indwelling
Spirit, he is always with us as a witnessing mission (Jn 15:26;
16:8-15) in fulfilling the Great Commission of our Lord.
68. New Creation
“New Creation” is a term applied to the new born believers. The term
is applied in the sense that the man (believer) is created a new in
Christ in righteousness and holiness,
“Therefore, if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature. Old
things are passed away ; behold, all things are become new.” II Cor
“—the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and
true holiness.” Eph 4:24
“—Put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the
image of him that created him.” Col 3:10
“For in Christ — a new creature.” Gal 6:15
69. New Man
As “New Creature,” “New man” is also a term applied to a new born
believer, who is regenerated, renewed and transformed in the
likeness of Christ.
“The new man in Christ is created after God in righteousness and holiness.” Eph 4:24
“the new man is being renewed in knowledge, according to the image of God who created him.” Col 3:10
“One new man—” Eph 2:15
See New Creation
The Literal meaning of pastor is “Shepherd.” The word “Shepherd” is
used of Christ several times in the Bible. See Heb 13:20; I Pet
2:25; Jn 10:11, 14. But the word Pastor “poimen” in Greek, is used
only once, i.e., in Eph 4:11. While explaining the gift of the
Spirit, Paul mentions this word here as a spiritual gift to be
exercised, not as an office. But later, the word came to be used as
an office in the Church whose duty is to feed the flock, administer
the ordinances, lead the congregation to worship and guard the truth
as well as the flock from all evil. (Heb 13:17; I Pet 5:2; II Tim
4:1-5). Pastors are also called overseers or Bishops (Acts
The word “Shiloh” means peace-maker, the rest giver or “giver of
peace” (Gen 49:10;Mic 5:5; Num 6:26).
God is indeed our Peace-maker.
God is designated as –“God of peace” in Heb 13:20; Ph 4:9
“God of love and peace” in II Cor. 13:11 He gives us the “perfect peace,” Is 26:3
“Great peace” have they which love His law. Ps 119:165.
In the O.T., the Messiah is the peace-maker. He is called,
“the Prince of Peace” Is 9:6;
“the giver of peace” (Mic 5:5);
“God of Peace” in Heb 13:20
In the N.T., Jesus Christ is regarded as our Peace.
“He is our peace” Eph 2:14 also see Rom 5:1
He is indeed our peace-maker.
“—so making peace.” Eph 2:15 see Col 1:20 ; Acts 10:36; Lk 1:79
He is called, “King of Salem” (peace), which means “King of peace.” Heb 7:2
He is our giver of peace, “Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you—” Jn 14:27; 16:33
He is our Lord of Peace, “Now the Lord of Peace himself give you peace always by all means.” II Thess 3:16
The children of God are also called the Peace-maker, “Blessed are the peace-makers.” Mt 5:9
“Peace-makers who show in peace raise a harvest of righteousness.” Jas 3:18 (NIV)
As messenger of peace, the children of God are appointed to blow the
trumpet of peace in these last days in all the world — peace among
nations, peace among tribes, peace among various ethnic groups,
peace in the society, peace in the family and peace also in the
personal life. As peace-maker they are appointed to reconcile man
to God and also people to people in this existing world.
Pearls are the precious stones which consist of interstratified
layers of mineral found inside a shellfish called an oyster. Pearls
are highly prized because of their silvery white color, beauty and
value. “Margarites” in Greek. Pearls have become a symbol of purity,
beauty and truth in the Bible.
In His famous parable of the goodly pearls in Mt 13:45, Jesus has
mentioned the value of pearls. Jesus has drawn the most important
spiritual Dictum or the Truth from the parable.
There are at least two important interpretations of the parable.
(1) The Kingdom of heaven is liken to the goodly pearls i.e., Christ
Himself. The believers are like the merchant who sell out everything
to gain Him.
(2) The second interpretation is that the man who bought the pearl
is none other than Christ Himself who shed His blood to pay the sin
debt of the world. Those who believe in the name of Jesus are the
treasure and the precious pearls. Interestingly, the 12 gates of
the New Jerusalem, have been portrayed as 12 individual pearls. Rev.
The Hebrew word is “Segulla” meaning special treasure and Greek
“Periousios” means something very special, not ordinary.
Israel as chosen of God has been described as His peculiar people
(Deut 14:2), as His peculiar treasure (Ps 135:4). The sense is that
God has specially chosen her for His purpose by His Sovereign grace
by establishing of a covenant. Circumcision was a sign of the
covenant that every male member of the house should be circumcised
As Israel, Christian believers are also called “Peculiar People “ in
the N.T. (I Pet 2:9). The purpose is to “Shew forth the praises of
Him who hath called you out of darkness into His marvelous light.” I
In a spiritual sense, believers are also circumcised in Christ
through baptism, “In whom also ye are circumcised — buried with him
in baptism.” Col 2:11-12
The word “people” has a special connotation in the Bible which often
refers to the people of God. The Israel was generally called the
people of God.
“People of God of Abraham” Ps 47:9
“They will be my people.” Jer 24:7; Ez 11:20; Zech 8:8
“If my people—” I Chr 7:14
“will become my people” Zech 2:11
“a special people” Deut 7:6
“peculiar people” Deut 14:2
“thou art my people” Is 51:16
“surely they are my people” Is 63:3
In the N.T., the believers have also become a people of God.
“now people of God” I Pet 2:10
“my people” Rev 9:25
“they shall be my people” II Cor 6:16
“they shall be to me a people” Heb 8:10
“they shall be his people” Rev 21:3
“a peculiar people” I Pet 2:9
The word “people” is used in a very special way when it refers to
the people of God.
“Which in time past were not a people, but now the people of God,
which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.” I Pet
The word “perfect” or “perfection” denotes the meaning of
completeness or wholeness. The Hebrew word is “Tam” and Greek “teleious.”
From the absolute theological stand point, only God is perfect.
As father is perfect, Mt 5:48
He that is perfect in knowledge, Job 36:4; 37:16
His work is perfect, Deut 32:4
His way is perfect, II Sam 22:31; Ps 18:30
The Law of the Lord is perfect, Ps 19:7
He maketh my way perfect, II Sam 22:33; Ps 18:32
God maketh you perfect, Heb 13:21
In the N.T., Jesus Christ is described as perfect,
“When that is Perfect is come” I Cor 13:10
He is perfect because of “His non Posse Pecare”—His non ability to
sin, i.e., His sinlessness.
“He knew no sin” II Cor 5:21
“He did no sin” I Pet 2:22
“He is without sin” Heb 4:15
Jesus said, “Which of you can convinceth me of sin?” Jn 8:46
Interestingly, in a relative sense, perfection is also ascribed to
believers in Christ. But the question is “Whether man can become
perfect or sinless as God is?” There are two kinds of views.
1. Evangelical Perfection: Evangelical perfection connotes the
positional perfection of every individual believer in Christ.
Perfection is solely the work of God and not of man. Believers are
made perfect through sanctification by the blood of Christ (Heb
“—by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are
sanctified.” Heb 10:14
The other way of saying is that God has accepted us as perfect in
positional sense because of Christ’s death on the cross. God has
forgiven and washed away all our sins by the blood of Christ.
“—but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified—” I Cor 6:11
“—by the working of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy
Ghost” Tit 3:5
“—he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse
us from all unrighteousness” I Jn 1:9 also see Rev 1:5; Ps 51:7; Is
2. Comparative Perfection: This phrase is used in practical sense.
It refers to the meaning of progressive perfection or the gradual
conformity to the standard of God. We have not yet attained the
absolute perfection in practical sense of the term.
“till we come to perfect man” Eph 4:13
“complete in Christ.” Col 2:10
But this is God’s will that we be made perfect.
“be perfect even as Father is perfect.” Mt 5:48
“may stand perfect in will of God” Col4:12
“Let us go onto perfection” Heb 6:1
“make you perfect in every good—” Heb 13:21
It is the word of God that is able to make us perfect.
“That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all
good works.” II Tim 3:17
Pillars were generally the supports at the temple doors overlaid
with gold (II Kings 18:16). Most commonly, in the O.T., pillars were
the supporting columns of a building (Judges 16:25; I Kings 7:1).
Pillars also designated a grave stone ( stone pillar) erected out of
stone which stood as monuments or memorial of a covenant between
two parties (Gen 35:14,20; Ex 94:4). Pillars are also used
figuratively, such as “Cloudy pillar” Ex 33:9; Ps 99:7
“a pillar of salt” Gen 19:26
“Pillars of smoke” Joel 2:9
“His feet as pillars of fire” Rev 10:1
In the N.T., James, Peter and John were called “pillars” (Gal 2:9).
The believer or the Church is also regarded as pillar upholding the
truth, “Pillar and ground of truth” I Tim 3:15
Believers as over comers are also regarded as the pillars to be
memorials in the temple of God in heaven (Rev 3:12) which also
suggest permanency. Jesus said,
“Him that overcometh, will I make a pillar in the temple of God
—” Rev 3:12
“Pilgrim” means a person who travels to a holy place or shrine as a
mark of his religious respect or act. The word used in Greek is
“Parepidemous” (See I Pet 2:11; Heb 11:13) which means “residents in
a country not one’s own.” The idea is that in this earth we are only
pilgrims, not the permanent residents of it, because, we are only
the citizens of a better country, i.e., the heaven. We are only
passing through it. Our true home is in heaven ( II Cor 5:1).
“Precious” means of great value and expensive. The term “Precious
stones” can be found over 13 times in the O.T. Many often, the
children of God, the Israel, were compared with precious stones and
“—thou wast precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold—”
“I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the
golden wedge of ophir.” Is 13: 12
“precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of his saints.” Ps
Interestingly, the breastplate that Aaron had worn while entering
the tabernacle bears a special meaning. The breastplate was woven of
blue, purple, scarlet and fine linen yarn, embroidered with figures
of Gold. This multicolored breastplate carried twelve precious
stones arranged in four rows (See Ex 28:17-21). These twelve
precious stones represent the children of Israel, the twelve tribes
“stones of memorial unto the children of Israel, He is peculiar
treasure.” Ps 135:4
“The breastplate of judgment” Ex 28:15,30 (NASB). It was because, it
served primarily for bearing the two precious stones the “Urim” and
the “Thumim” upon the heart of Aaron (Ex 28:30).
The Hebrew word “Urim” (Plural form of “ur”) means lights. Urim is a
precious blue stones which denotes righteousness. Here “light” also
denotes the righteousness of God. The word “Thummim” comes from
Hebrew word “tummim” which signifies the meaning of perfectness.
The High Priest in the tabernacle represents Jesus Christ. The Urim
and Thummim were upon the heart of Aaron, it means that Urim and
Thummim are also upon the heart of Jesus Christ. It means that
Christ is the true light and the righteousness, the perfect one.
In the book of Revelation (21:14-18), we have seen the precious
stones again. John the apostle has a vision of the Holy city, which
have twelve foundations.
In the N.T., Jesus is called Precious.
“Chosen of God and precious” I Pet 2:4
“He is precious” I Pet 2:7
The believers are also compared to the “precious fruits” of the
earth. Ja 5:7
“Your faith, being much more precious than gold that perisheth.” I
We are precious because Christ has purchased us with His precious
blood. I Cor 6:19-20.
Priesthood has been playing a dominant role in the history of Israel
since the time of Melchizedek (Gen 14:18). In the O.T., the priests
served as mediators between God and the people who were authorized
in the ministry of sacred things to preserve the covenantal
relationship between God and the nation Israel by giving sacrifices
at the altars.
Melchizedek was a priest and at the same time a king (Gen 14:18-19).
He was a type of Jesus Christ. Jesus’s priesthood was after the
order of Melchizedek, a priestking (Heb 5:10). The Aaronic High
Priesthood was also a type of Christ which represents the priestly
redemptive work of Christ (Heb 5:4-5). The book of the Hebrews
presents Jesus as the High
Priest, “consecrated for evermore” (Heb 7:28) who has completed the
work of Salvation – a fulfillment of Hebrew priesthood.
In the N.T., the Church, as the nation of New Israel, has become a
“Kingdom of priest”- “a royal priesthood.” I Pet 2:5,9, cf Ex 19:6;
Every believer in Christ is a priest. As priests, the believers’
duty is t draw men near to God having “hearts sprinkled from an evil
conscience, and bodies washed with pure water.” Heb 10:22 cf Ex
29:4; Lev 16:4.
The Hebrew word which is used most frequently is “nabi”. In Deut
18:18b, the work of a nabi is to declare all that God commands him.
The Greek word is “prophetes” which means “one who speaks forth”.
In the O.T., we have seen that God spoke and worked through His
prophets. The prophet in the O.T. was like a mediator between
God and the nation Israel. God declared His will and His relation
through His prophets. It is very precise to understand that all the
prophets in the O.T. actually were preparing for the coming of the
Messiah. The individual prophet par excellence in his ministry was a
type of Christ Himself.
In the N.T., Jesus Christ is a prophet “like unto Moses.” Heb 2:17
cf Num 11:15; 12:1-8
Jesus Christ called Himself a prophet (Mt 13:57; Lk 13:3, 30. Others
also called Him a prophet (Mt 13:57; Lk 6:15; Lk 9:8; Jn 4:19,25;
6:14). As a prophet of God, His ministry entailed preaching and
teaching of the Kingdom of God, rebuking, predicting and doing
The prophetic ministry plays an important role in the N.T. Church
today. Paul unites to the Ephesian believers that the Church is
“built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets.” Eph 2:20
“He gave some apostles and some “PROPHETS” and some evangelists; and
some pastors and teachers.” Eph 4:11
In broader sense, all the children of God are also the prophets to
speak fort the messages of Christ and His Salvation to all the
“Ye holy apostles and prophets.” Rev 18:20
Prophecy is indeed a gift of God.
“Your sons and daughters shall prophecy.” Acts 2:17 cf Joel 2:21
also see 14:4,5,39
Purity is ascribed to God only. It is the very quality of God in His
holiness in whose sight even “the stars are not pure” Job 25:5 also
see Ps12:26; 19:8,11; 9:1-40.
The idea of purity is understood with the idea of cleanness not
only in terms of physical cleanness but also in terms of moral,
ethical, ceremonial and spiritual cleanness. Thus pure means
absolutely clean and blameless and free from any guilt or dirt.
Israel as a nation was supposed to reflect this cleanness in her
life to fellowship with Yahweh (Ps15).
In the N.T. usage, Jesus Christ is called pure, “even as he is
pure” I Jn 3:3.
The believers in Christ have also been made pure and Holy through
sanctification by his blood. Heb 10:10.
“The blood of Jesus, his son, purifies us from all sin” I Jn 1:7
“Purify us from all unrighteousness” I Jn 1:9
It is really surprising that Paul calls the Church (believers) “a
chest (pure) virgin.”
“I might present you as a pure virgin to Christ.” II Cor 11:2
Purity is therefore, the most essential character of a Christian’s
“Blessed are the pure in hearts” Mt 5:8
“Keep yourself pure” I Tim 5:22
“And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself even as
he is pure.” I Jn 3:3
“Rich” means one having treasures or wealth. There are examples of
rich persons in the Bible, such as, the rich farmer (Lk 12:13-21),
the rich man (Lk 16:19-31), the rich ruler (Lk 18:13-30), the story
of Zechaeus (Lk 19:1-10) etc. The word is also used metaphorically
to mean the children of God who are rich in spiritual things. In
His letter to the church in Smyrna, Jesus said, “I know thy works,
and tribulation and poverty( but thou art RICH)—” Rev 2:9. Smyrna
was the richest city in those times but Christians in Smyrna were
poor. They were poor from their worldly point of view but in site of
the fact they were rich before Christ. “Rich” here it means rich in
God’s grace, having treasures in heaven.
The term riches (Noun) also speaks of the blessings of God, such as,
The riches of His goodness (Rom 2:4; Col 1:27)
Riches of His glory (Rom 9:23; Eph 1:18; Ph 4:19)
Riches of His Grace (Eph 1:7; 2:7)
Riches of wisdom and knowledge (Rom 11:33)
Riches of Christ (Eph 3:8)
Riches of His presence (Col 1:27)
Riches of reproach (Heb 11:26)
Unsearchable riches (Eph 3:8)
Treasure in heaven (Mt 6:20)
Thou shalt have treasure in Heaven (Mt 19:21)
Treasures in wisdom (Col 2:3)
Great riches than treasures of Egypt (Heb 11:26)
There are several Hebrew words which give the biblical concept of
righteous or righteousness, such as,
“Yashar” means straight, smooth way.
“Mishpat” which gives the meaning of justice, right, rectitude.
“Sedeq” signifies the meaning of just, right, upright, holy.
So the righteous person is the one who does what is right, just and
“Jehova”-Tsidkenu” is the name of our Lord, which means “The Lord
our Righteous.” Jer 23:6; Is 53:11; Jer 33:16
In the N.T. Lord Jesus is called,
“Holy and Righteous” Acts 3:14; I Pet 3:18)
“Jesus Christ the Righteous” I Jn 3:7
“The Righteous King” Heb 7:2; Jn 18:37,38; 19:3-6
“The Righteous Judge” Jn 5:30; 12:47-48; II Tim 4:6-8
The Bible declares that
“There is no one who does good, not even one” Ps 14:1-3 CF Rom
“There is not a righteous man on earth who continually does good,
and who never sins” Ecc 7:20
“All our righteous deeds are like a filthy garment” Is 64:6
“No flesh be justified in his sight” Rom 3:20
But what a strange! The children of God are called righteous
despite their unrighteousness. The kind of righteousness we have is
what the theologian has called it as “the imputed righteousness”
“—it was imputed to him for righteousness” Rom 4:22
“But for us also to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him
that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead.” V 24
The Greek word for righteousness is “dikaiosyne.” The verb is
“dikaioo” which does not mean to make upright or holy but to
announce or declare to be righteous or innocent. It also means to
count, to reckon, to credit or to make right with God. Righteousness
is thus an unmerited favor of God which we do not actually deserve.
It is God Himself who calls us or declare us righteous despite our
unrighteousness on the basis of Christ’s death on the cross. Our
God is absolutely just. And it is only through His divine Justice
that we have been justified or called righteous.
“Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ
unto all and upon all them that believe—” Rom 3:22
“being justified freely by His grace—” V24
“Therefore we conclude that man is justified by faith without the
deeds of the law” V28
“being justified by his blood—” Rom 5:9
also see Gal 2:15,16,17; 3:6,8,24
‘Rom 3:23-26’ has been called “the acropolis of the gospel” because
of the good news that we have been able to achieve the divine
justice of God freely through Jesus Christ.
85. Royal Priesthood
The word “Saint” has been derived from two Hebrew words. They are
“Hasid” and “Kadash.” “Hasid” renders the meaning of “Pious” (I Sam
2:9; II Chr 6:4; Ps 30:4 ) also a saint (Ps 132:9). By definition it
means undefiled by sin, free from wickedness. The other word
”Kadash”is translated as “Saint” (Ps 16:3) which sometimes gives the
meaning as: “Holy one” (Ps 106:16), holy, pure or clean. The Greek
word for both “Hasid”and “Kadash” is “Hagios” (Rom 1:7) which
signifies the meaning of separation from all kinds of uncleanness
In the NT, Jesus is referred to as the saint - the “Holy one of God”
(Mk 1:24; Lk 1:35).
Christians are also called “Saints” in the NT. In his epistle to the
Churches Paul calls the Christian believers as ”Saints.” See Rom
1:7; I Cor 1:2; II Cor 1:1; Eph 1::1; Ph 1:1; Col 1:2; II Cor 13:13;
Rom 16:15. See also in Acts 9:13; Heb 13:24; Rev 5:8.
It is really wonderful that we have been called “Saints,” saints in
the sense that we have been sanctified by the blood of Christ. Heb
Salt has been found useful in number of ways in the life of men as
mentioned in the Bible. Perhaps the most important use of salt is to
make our food tasty which is a preservative quality.
“Can that which is tasteless be eaten without salt?” (Job 6:6 RSV)
Salt was regarded as a sacred commodity to be kept in the temple (Ezr
6:9). Salt was used in sacred ceremonials in worshiping God by the
Israelites (Lev 2:13). Salt was sprinkled on the burnt offerings (Ezk
43:24). Salt was also regarded a “Covenant of salt” (Num 18:19; Lev
2:13; II Chr 13:5). The Israelites called themselves, “the salt of
the palace” Ezr 4:14, Rsv) while they claimed loyalty to the Persian
King. Salt also had some medicinal use It was rubbed on the newborn
babies (Ezk 16:4). Good salt retails healing or curative qualities.
There is an example in II Kings 2:20-21 where Elisha healed the
waters of Jericho with salt.
When Jesus said, “You are the salt of the earth” (Mt 5:13), he said
it figuratively to mean that the believers should live a responsible
life retaining all the good qualities of salt. Therefore, he also
said, “Everyone will be salted with fire, salt is good, but if it
loses its saltiness, how can you make it salty again? Have salt in
yourselves, and be at peace with each other.” Mk 9:49,50; See Mt
Jesus Christ is our Salvation. The prophet Isaiah spoke about the
Salvation that would come to us. Jesus came to Zachaeus’s house and
said to him “Salvation is come to thy house.” Lk 19:9. Jesus is
called “the horn of Salvation” Lk 1:69. He is called our “Salvation”
“—thou shall call his name Jesus ; for he shall save his people
from their sins.” Mt 1:21
As Jesus, we have also been called Salvation. It means that we have
to declare His Salvation, “For so hath the Lord commanded us
saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou
should be for Salvation unto the ends of the earth.” Acts 13:47.
In the Bible the word “Sanctuary” is referred to a place which has
been set apart or sanctified for God. It means, it is a place where
God’s presence is there. The tabernacle of Moses and the temple of
Solomon with precincts are examples of a Sanctuary. (Ex 25:8; Lev
16:33; I Chr 22:19; Is 63:18; Ps 74:71)
The Hebrew words “qodesh” and “miqodash” and Greek Word “hagion”
give the idea of separation or holiness. Any other place on earth
which is set apart or sanctified
by God’s presence is also known as
such as Jerusalem, Zion and Shiloh are also called
Which is His holy abode. (Deut 26:15; Ps 68:4-5)
His holy temple (Mic 1:2; Heb 2:20; Jn 2:4,7)
The heaven is also called:
His High Sanctuary (Ps 102:19)
His Holy Heaven (Ps 20:6)
“He will be a Sanctuary” (Is 8:14) is messianic and speaks of Jesus
“Sanctuary” also means an asylum or a refuge (Ps
90:1;91:9;Ez 11:16). And Christ is indeed our Sanctuary. In the N.T.,
interestingly, the body of believers has become a Sanctuary, a
Sanctuary of God in the real sense.
“for ye are the temple of the living God” as God hath said, I will
dwell in them, and walk in them, and I will be their God, and they
shall be my people.” II Cor 6:16
Jesus Christ is the “Sent one” of God. In the O.T., God promised
through Isaiah to send a savior to the world.
“—he shall send them a savior, and a great one, and he shall
deliver them”. Is 19:20
Jesus Himself said that God the Father sent Him.
“—Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.” Jn 17:2
“—thou didst sent me.” Jn 17:8
“—as thou has sent me into the world” Jn 17:18
“that the world may believe that thou hast SENT ME” Jn 17:21,25
also see Jn 9:4
Jesus Christ was sent to the world
To do the will of God. Jn 5:30; Heb 10:7,9
To do the works of God. Jn 9:4
To seek and save that which was lost. Lk 19:10
To give life abundantly. Jn 10:10
To give eternal life. Jn 17:2; 10:28
To make you free. Jn 8:36
To preach the gospel to the poor. Lk 4:18-19
To heal the broken hearted. Lk 4:18-19
To preach deliverance to the captives. Lk 4:18-19
To set at liberty them that are bruised. Lk 4:18-19
To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. Lk 4:18-19
Most interestingly, the believers in Christ are also the “sent ones
of Christ” to do the works of Jesus. Jesus said,
“I sent them to the world—” Jn 17:18
“Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name
of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost “ Mt 24:19
“—preach the gospel—” Mk 16:15
“—heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out
devils” Mt 8:10
The believers are the most privileged people to do the works of
Jesus in this world indeed.
The designation, “Servant of the Lord” prophetically refers to the
Lord Jesus Christ as the coming Messiah. God calls him, “My servant”
(Is 42:1-7; 49:1-6; 50:4-9; 52:13; 53:12). Isaiah designates him as
the suffering servant (Is 42:1;52:13-15; 53:12) which has been
fulfilled in the N.T. (Mt 12:18; Acts 3:113,26; 4:27,30). Thus Jesus
Christ has become par-excellence the servant of the Lord (Ps 2:7).
The term “Servants of the Lord” also applies to the children of
Israel (Is 41:8). Moses, Solomon, David, Elijah, Daniel etc. were
also called the Servants of God.
“O, Daniel servant of living God” Dan 6:20
“Ye servants of Most High” Dan 3:26
In the NT., the believers are also called the servants of the Lord
in a collective sense.
as servants of God. I Pet 2:16; Rev 7:2
as servants of Christ. Eph 6:6
Become servants of God. Rom 6:27
He that is called in the Lord
“—Christ’s servant” I Cor 7:22
“Ye become servants of righteousness.” Rom 6:18
“On my servants, I will pour Spirits.” Acts 2:18 cf Jwl 2:29
The Christians are called to become faithful servants of God,
“good and faithful servant” Mt 25:21
The whole life of a Christian becomes a life of service. And we have
been specially called to serve God and His people.
“turned from idols to serve God.” I Thess 1:9
“from dead works to serve living God.” Heb 9:14
“serve Lord Christ.” Col 3:24
“by love serve one another.” Gal 5:13
The analogy of Sheep and Shepherd relationship between God and His
people has been beautifully depicted all throughout the Bible
specially in Ps 23.
Many often the children of Israel were regarded as the sheep and
God as their Shepherd – the provider of their daily needs and the
protector from all kinds of dangers and evils.
We are sheep of his hand. Ps 95:7; 100:3
Astray like a lost sheep. Ps 119:176
We like sheep have gone astray. Is 53:6
I will search my sheep. Ez 34:11,12
Lost sheep of my house of Israel. Mt 10:6,15,24
The Lord is my shepherd. Ps 23:1
Also see Gen 49:24; Is 40:11
In the NT, the Lord Jesus Christ declares Himself as the good
shepherd and the believers as His sheep.
“I am the good shepherd” Jn 10:11
He calls the believers, “My sheep” Jn 10:27
As His sheep, we have to listen to His voice and obey His
commandments. Jn 10:27
In the OT, the God of Israel has been pictured as the Shepherd,
“I will search my sheep” Ez 34:11, 12
“The Lord is my Shepherd” Ps 23:1
“Behold, the Lord God will come — He shall feed his flock like a
Shepherd” Is 40:10,11
In the NT, Jesus Christ is pictured as the Good Shepherd, who laid
down his life for the sheep.
“I am the good Shepherd, the good Shepherd giveth his life for the
sheep” Jn 10:11; also see Mt 26:31; Jn 10:15
“Our Lord Jesus, the great Shepherd of the sheep—” Heb 13:20
“the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls” I Pet 2:25
“And when the Chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown
of glory that fadeth not away.” I Pet 5:4
The leaders and elders (pastors) of the NT Church are also called
the Shepherds because they have the responsibility to feed and
protect the flock. (Acts 20:28-31; I Pet 5:1-4). Jesus is our Chief
Shepherd while the elders are the under Shepherds. Jesus also called
Peter three times, “feed my sheep” Jn 20:15, 16, 17
A believer is to become,
“A good soldier of Jesus Christ.” 2 Tim 2:3
“Chosen to be a soldier.” 2 Tim 2: 3
As a true soldier or warrior of Jesus Christ, a believer is asked to
put on all the armor of a soldier. The picture is of a Roman soldier
with his equipment in full dress ready to go to the battle field.
However, our battle is not against, “flesh and blood” Eph 6:12 but
against the spiritual resistance of Satan, “against principalities,
against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world,
against spiritual wickedness in high places.” Eph 6:12
So, ours is a spiritual warfare. We need to “be strong n the Lord,
and in the power of his might.” Eph 6:11 and “put on the whole armor
of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the
devil.” Eph 6:11
“The whole armor of God” here refers to Christ Jesus who is the
source of a believer’s defense. “The breast plate of righteousness
(Eph 6:14), the gospel of peace (V15), the shield of faith (V16),
the helmet of Salvation (V17) and the sword of the spirit (V17) all
speak of the resources given to a believer by Jesus Christ.
“Son of God” is the most exclusive title given to our Lord Jesus
Christ which declares His deity, His co-equal and co-eternal nature.
As the Son of God, see Mt 8:29; Lk 8:28; Mt 8:33; 26:63; 27:43; Mk
1:1; Mt 27:54; Mk 15:39; 3:11; Jn1:49
As the “only begotten son,” see Jn 3:16,18; Heb 1:5
As the son of the Most High, Lk 1:32; Heb 1:2-8
As the son of the Living God, Mt 16:16; Jn 6:69
It is indeed amazing to think that God has given every one the power
to become the son of God whoever believes and receives Jesus.
“—as many as received him, to them gave he the power to become
the son of God, even to them that believe on his name.” Jn 1:12
We have received this son ship only because of the son ship of Jesus
(Rom 8:17; Heb 2:10). However, we have not become the son of God
through natural courses but by adoption (Rom 8:15,23; Gal 4:5; Eph
1:5).Our God is a benevolent God who has adopted us as His sons
despite our unworthiness only because of our faith in Jesus. God’s
love is great, wonderful and marvelous. John describes it as
“Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that
we shall be called the sons of God.” I Jn 3:1
Believers as the sons of God,
see Jn 1:12; I Jn 3:1,2; Ph 2:15; Gal 4:6; Rom 8:14
As the sons of the Living God, Heb 1:10
“As the sons to glory,” Heb 2:10
Interestingly, the believers are also called the sons of the Most
“—ye shall be the children of the Highest—” Lk 6:35 (KJV) cf
“—you shall be sons of the Most High—” Lk 6:35 (NIV)
Jesus Christ is pictured as the sower who sews the good seed of the
“He that sowed the seed is the Son of man.” Mt 13:37
Christians are also liken to the to the sewer. A believer is asked,
To “sow in tears” Ps 126:5; Ecl 11:6
“sow in righteousness” Hos 10:12; II Cor 9:10,16; I Cor 15:36,37;
Gal 6:7; Col 6:8
In the N.T., the original Greek word for “Steward” is “Oikonomos”
which means “ruler or manager of a house” Lk 16:1. The term “Steward
“ or “Stewardship” is applied to the leaders of the Church, such as
bishops and apostles and also to all Christians in general.
“As of the ministers of Christ,Stewards the mysterious of God” I Cor
“It is required in stewards, that the man be found faithful” V 2
“As good Stewards of grace of God” I Pet 4:10
“Give account of Stewardship” Lk 16:2,3,4.
“for a bishop must be blameless, as the Steward of God—” Tit 1:7
In this earth we are Stewards only. Everything belongs to God. God
has bestowed upon us both physical ad spiritual blessings. We have
to work as a true and faithful Steward of God. Lk 12:42
Jesus Christ is called the Star. He said,
“I Jesus am the morning Star.” Rev 22:16, also see Rev 2:28
“His Star” Mt 2:2
Most obviously, the believers are also called stars. Daniel 12:3
“And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the
firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for
ever and ever.”
Jesus Christ has promised the believer one who overcomes, in the
Church of Thyatira,
“I will give him the morning star” Rev 2:27
The two words, “Stone” and “Rock” are extensively used all
throughout the Bible which render different meanings. But the most
extensively used is of the Lord Jesus Christ Himself. He is called,
“The Precious Corner stone.” I Pet 2:6-7 cf Is 28:16.
“The Chief Corner Stone.” Eph 2:20; I Pet 2:6 cf Ps 118:22
“Head Stone” Mt 21:42; Mk 12:10; Lk 20:17; I Pet 2:7 cf Ps 18:22
“the Crushing Stone” Mt 21:44 cf Dan 2:34,35; Rom 9:32-33
“Head of the corner” Mk 12:10; Acts 4:11 cf Ps 118:22
“ Rejected Stone” Mk 12:10; Acts 4:11; I Pet 2:7 cf Ps 118:22
As “Rock” Acts 4:9-12; I Pet 2:1-6
“Spiritual Rock” Jn 4:13-14; I Cor 10:4
A “Foundation Rock” Mt Mt 16:13-18; I Cor 3:10
“a Rock of offence” Rom 9:33; I Pet 2:8
“a Stumbling Stone” Rom 9:32-33
Most obviously, the believers in Christ are also called “Living
“As unto a Living Stone” I Pet 2:4
“Ye also, as lively stones are built up a spiritual house—” I Pet
Jesus is looked unto as a stranger to those unbelieving people.
“He came unto his own, and his own received him not.” Jn 1:11
“No prophet is accepted on his own country.” Lk 4:24
This verse is strictly referred to Jesus Christ,
“Neither did his brethren believe in him,” Jn 7:58
The Jews called him a Samaritan,
“Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan and hast a devil?” Jn
Jesus was called a Nazarene,
“Jesus of Nazareth” Mt 26:71
“Nazarene” has become an epithet of reproach, ridicule and
rejection. Jesus was truly as a branch cut down, i.e., rejected,
despised and cast out as a stranger.
“Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?” Jn 1:46;7:52
“I am become a stranger to my people” Ps 69:8
“A stranger—” Mt 25:35,43
Believers in this world are also called strangers. The word for
stranger is “Paroikous” in Greek found in I Pet 2:11
“I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly
“Paroikous” means temporary residents. It means that we are
“Temporary Residents in this earth.” Our real home is in heaven. II
Cor 5:1 also see Heb 11:13.
Interestingly, we were strangers from the covenants (Eph 2:12)
before we were saved. But now “we are no more strangers” (Eph 2:19)
after we have been saved in Christ Jesus. O the contrary, we have
become strangers n this world (I Pet 2:11). It s therefore, we asked
to abstain from sinful desires which are against our soul. See
The believers in Christ are called “The light of the world” (Mt
5:14). As Jesus is also called “The light of the world” Jn 9:5;
8:12), it is interesting to note that the children of God are
compared with the sun.
“The righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their
Father.” Mt 13:43
103. Sweet Savour
“Savour” is also translated as smell, fragrance or sweetness. The
key word is found in Gen. 8:21. The word is associated with the
sacrificial offering i.e., the burnt offering.
“And the Lord smelled a sweet savour; and the Lord said in his
heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake—”
The word gives an expression of expiation, satisfaction and a
gracious acceptance of the offering of Noah by God. The word gives a
marvelous symbolic significance in the N.T. context. Paul gives away
the most appropriate meaning of the word associating it to the
believers. The significance is that Christians are like sweet
fragrance to God. Indeed they are like a vessel where Christ Himself
dwells releasing the fragrance of knowledge of Christ among the
saved and also among those perishing.
“The sweet Savour of Christ” II Cor. 2:15
“The Aroma of Christ” NIV v15
“Savour of life” v16
“The fragrance of life” NIV v16
As the sweet fragrance of Christ, we have to spread the sweet
fragrance among the people in the world. Paul also further elevates
the meaning calling it as “the fragrance of love” in the Christian
life loving one another as much as “... Christ also hath loved us and
hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a
sweet smelling savour.” Eph. 5:2
The Hebrew word for “Tabernacle” is “Sukkot” which means booths. The
word is very significant because the people of Israel dwelt in the
tents while sojourning in the wilderness. There are two other Hebrew
words for tabernacle, they are “Ohel” and “Mishkan.” “Ohel” refers
to the tent while “Mishkan” to the wooden frame. In the N.T., the
Greek word is “Shene” which means a ”dwelling place.” Tabernacle
was a place where God Himself dwelt and met His people, a place
where God choose to show His presence, the shekinah glory. The
Tabernacle was built by God’s command and according to His own plan.
God said to Moses, “Let them make me a sanctuary that I may dwell
among them.” Ex 25:8
1. The whole pattern of the Tabernacle has a great typical
significance in the N.T., for it is the typology of Christ. The
person of Jesus Christ is likened to a Tabernacle indwelt by God
Himself. Jesus Himself said,
“Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me?”
“For it pleased the Father that in Him should all fullness dwell.”
“For in Him dwelt all the fullness of God Head bodily.” Col 2:9
“A greater and perfect Tabernacle.” Heb 9:11
“True Tabernacle which Lord pitched” Heb 8:2
2. The Tabernacle was also typical of the Church a habitation of
God through the Spirit. Eph 2:19-22
“as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; an will
be their God—” II Cor 6:16-18
3. It was atypical of every individual believer,
“A temple of the Holy Spirit” I Cor 6:19; II Cor 6:16
“The Tabernacle of God is with men” Rev 21:3
The individual believer has now become the Tabernacle of Jesus
Christ Himself. “The word was made flesh, and dwelt (Tabernacled)
among us” Jn 1:14
The Hebrew word for “Temple” is “Hekal” which means “a place “ or
“Large building.” The word is also used of the temple Jerusalem, the
Sanctuary at Shiloh ( I Sam 1:91; 3:3), of God’s heavenly abode (II
Sam 22:7;Ps 11:4). The Greek word is “Naos” which means “Sanctuary”
or “Shrine.” Thus in original sense, the temple is a dwelling place
of God. The term was also used of the heathen temple (Joel 13:5)
such as the temple of Babylon (II Chr 36:7) and Egypt (Jer
The Tabernacle of wilderness and the temple of Jerusalem are all
typical of our Lord Jesus Christ. They are actually a pattern of
heavenly things in the temple in heaven.
The Lamb is the temple. Rev 21:22
He spoke of the temple of his body. Jn 2:21
Temple of God opened in heaven. Rev 11:19
In the N.T., the believers have also become the temple of the Living
“Ye are the temple of God.” I Cor 3:16,17
“Your body is the temple of Holy Ghost” I Cor 6:19
“And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are
the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in
them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be
my people. Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate,
saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive
you, and will be a father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and
daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.” II Cor 6:16-18.
The Israelites were called,
his “peculiar treasure” Ps 135:4
As “God’s treasure “ Ex 19:5
The same is applied to us all the believers in Christ.
There are mentions of “Tree of Life” in Gen 2:9 and in Rev 2:7;
22:2, 14. This Tree of life is symbolic of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Whoever eats the fruit of it will experience immortality.
In the N.T. when Jesus speaks of “a green tree” in Lk 23:31, he
speaks of himself. Jesus calls himself,
“the true vine” Jn 15:1
“I am the vine, ye are the branches—” Jn 15:5
The Christians are also to become like a tree planted by the rivers
of waters. Ps 1:3
“her leaf shall be green” Jer 17:8
“be called the trees of righteousness” Is 61:3
“trees of the Lord are full of sap” Ps 104:16
The Olive Tree
Olive, “Olea europaca” is one of the most beautiful and also one of
the most valuable of all trees mentioned in the whole Bible. The
sacred writers of the Bible have given a special entity to this
tree. Most importantly,
It is the emblem of peace and prosperity- an indicative of joy and
gladness and the blessings of God. The Olive has become a symbol of
“The Lord called thy name, “A green olive tree, fair and of goodly fruit—” Jer.11:16
“—a green olive tree in the house of God—” Ps. 52:8
“His branches shall spread, and his smell as Lebanon.” Hos. 14:6
The cultivation of olive tree in the O.T. times was a familiar sight
on the hill sides of all the Mediterranean land. The fruit of the
tree is found to be its chief virtue. They are picked green and
allowed to be ripen and then crushed or pressed between stones to
produce the most valuable oil. The olive oil being the prime article
of diet in Mediterranean land and Eastern Europe was taken with
bread. And most significantly, the oil was also used as cosmetics
(used for production of ointment), used in funerals, used as
medicines (a symbol of healing), as light, used in burnt offering,
grain offering, Nazarites offering, the leaders’ dedication
offering, guilt offering—all signified joy and gladness. Most
exclusively, Olive was also used in the consecration of kings and
priests (anointing of kings and priests). See Ex.29:7; I Kings 1:39;
In the N.T., the olive oil has become a symbol of the Holy Spirit.
The symbolism of the tree is that Christ is the Savior and Prince of
Peace and that He should suffer in Gethsemane (in the olive press)
where He was crushed and pressed for our sake and that He should
also ascend from the Mount of Olives. Luke 22:39-44.
It is very precise that the olive tree has also a special
connotation with the N.T. believers. Paul has linked the believers
with the grafting of an old and wild branches of olive tree to the
stamp of a new olive tree which is the Lord Jesus Christ Himself.
“After all, if you were cut out of an olive tree that is wild by
nature, and contrary to nature were grafted into a cultivated olive
tree, how much more readily will these, the natural branches, be
grafted into their own olive tree!” Rom 11:24
Thus the believers being the living part of the olive tree have now
become the emblem of peace and prosperity; the joy and gladness and
a blessing to the whole world.
108. Vessel, vessels
Many times, the nation Israel was compared to the marred vessel in
the hands of a potter (Is 18:4,6). God at work is the divine potter
and nation Israel, the human clay. This parable of the potter and
the clay is a vivid picture of God’s working Power i.e., His
sovereignty. He has the power in shaping and molding His people into
a new vessel to be used purposefully. Rom 9:21
In the N.T., we have been called vessels of mercy. Rom 9:23
A chosen vessel unto me. Acts 9:15
Make one vessel to honor. Rom 9:21
His vessel in sanctification. I Thess 4:4
“shall be a vessel to honor, sanctified and meet for the master’s
use and prepared unto every good work” II Tim 2:21
“We have this treasure in earthen vessels.” II Cor 4:7
As a chosen vessel of Christ Jesus, our Lord,
“—everyone of you should know how to posses his vessel in
sanctification and honor.” I Thess 4:4
In the O.T., Israel was compared to a vine and vineyard.
“My beloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill … and planted it
with the choicest vine—” Is 5:1,2
“For the vineyard of the Lord of host is the house of Israel, and
the men of Judah his pleasant plant—” Is 5:7
“And the vineyard which thy right hand hath planted, and the
branch that thou madest strong for thyself.” Ps 80:15
“—A vineyard of red vine. I the Lord do keep it, I will water it
every moment, lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day” Is
In the N.T., Jesus Christ taught parables around the vineyard to
illustrate the spiritual truths (Mt 20:1;21:28-32). In a spiritual
sense, we the believers have become the vineyard of God. Jesus also
spoke of Himself as the true vine and His followers as the branches.
The most appropriate and fitting Hebrew word for “Virgin” is “alma.”
This word is used only of an unmarried woman who does not have any
sexual intercourse. The Greek word is “pantheons.” This word is used
in Is 7:14 and quoted by Mathew in Mt 1:23, and also used to describe
Mary, the mother of Jess by Luke 1:27.
Surprisingly, the Church has been described as a “chaste virgin to
Christ” by Paul in II Cor 11:2. It means that Christ gave Himself to
present her to Himself as perfect, clean, holy and unblemished bride
who is a virgin (Parthenos).
Rev 14:7,8 says,
“Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to him;
for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself
ready. And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine
linen, which is the righteousness of saints.”
The most common Hebrew word for “White” is “Laban.” The word
“Lebanon” perhaps comes from Laban. The mount of Lebanon was always
snow tipped and looked white and beautiful. White is the symbol of
purity, holiness and righteousness (Dan 11:35; 12:10; Is 1:18).
White or whiteness is metaphorically used in the Bible in an
extensive manner. At the time of transfiguration, Jesus Christ is
shown to be clothed in white garments (Mt 28:3;Jn 20:12). Angels are
also described to be white clothed (Mt 28:3); Jn20:12). In the book
of Revelation, various personages are shown to be wearing in white
garments (Rev 3:4; 4:4; 7:9;7:14; 19:8,14).
In the book of Songs, 5:10, the lover says of his beloved, “My
beloved is white.” Here, “my beloved” refers metaphorically to the
Church of Jesus Christ. The believers in Christ are made white and
purified by the washing of the blood of Jesus Christ (Rev 7:14). God
also promises through Isaiah, “Come now and let us reason together,
saith the Lord: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as
white as snow: though they shall be red like crimson, they shall be
as wool” Is 1:18
112. Wife (a chaste virgin to Christ)
Jesus Christ has been described as the husband while the Church as
His wife. This relationship between Christ and the Church (the
believers) as husband and wife is a mystery. Paul has elevated this
theme of mystical union to its highest level when he compares this
mystery to the relationship of the believers with Christ. Christ is
the bridegroom and has joined Himself to Christ. Christ is the
bridegroom and has joined Himself to His bride, the Church and they
have become one to enjoy the highest spiritual communion. Paul calls
this union a great mystery.
“This is a great mystery but I speak concerning Christ and the
Church.” Eph 5:32
“For we are members of his body, of his flesh and of his bones.” V30
“For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall
be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh.” V31
Rev 14:7,8 says;
“Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to him;
for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hat made herself
ready. And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine
linen, which is the righteousness of saints.”
“His wife” is the
Church which He has purchased with His own blood (Acts 20:28). He
wants her to be clean, holy, perfect without any spot as He is. The
believers (the Church) are called, a “chaste virgin to Christ.” II
113. Wise, Wisdom
Jesus Christ is the personification of the true wisdom of God. In
Proverb 8:23-31, wisdom has been personified. Wisdom claims his
1. Co-existence with God,
“I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the
earth was—” V23-27
2. Co-equality with God,
“Then I was by him, as one brought up with him: and I was daily his
delight, rejoicing always before him.” V30
3. Giving of life eternal,
“For whosoever finds me finds life,and receives favor of the Lord”
In the N.T., Christ is called, “the wisdom of God”. I Cor,
—“who of God is made unto us wisdom” I Cor 1:30
also see Luke 11:31; Col 2:3; Col 1:15-17; Is 11:1
Those who are in Christ Jesus, they are also called to become wise.
“—ye are wise in Christ” I Cor 4:10
“be wise—” Pr.6:8; 8:33; 23:19; 27:11
“If you are wise, your wisdom will reward you” Pr 9:12 (NIV)
“Law of wise is a fountain of life” Pr 13:14
“walk not as fools, but wise” Eph 5:15
“—the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.” II Tim 3:15
The children of God are called wise because the wisdom of Christ has
been imputed in them.
“—of him are ye in Christ Jesus who of God is made unto us
wisdom—” I Cor 1:30.
Jesus Christ bore witness of Himself as the Messiah. Jn 8:13-18;
“Jesus Christ the faithful witness” Rev 1:5
After the resurrection, Jesus met His disciples and said to them,
“But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon
you, and ye shall be witness unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all
Judea, and in Samaria and unto the uttermost part of the earth.”
The same is applied to all the believers in Christ. We are called to
be His witness. See Mt 28:19-26; Acts 13:31
All the believers are workman of God. They are to become hard
working men of God laboring in the word to show themselves approved
“Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not
to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth”. II Tim 2:15
The word ‘rightly dividing’ literally means, to rightly cut, to cut
straight. ‘Rightly cut’ suggests the medical dissection of the human
body. In medical colleges students actually work with a human
cadaver. Without having knowledge of the human body system or
anatomy the dissection of the body could be very difficult and might
result to dangerous situation. In much the same way, when we study
God’s word we must carefully cut and dissect the word of the truth
and put them in proper classification. And for this we need
discernment and help of the Holy Spirit.
The names of believers are exceptionally rich and prolific in
meaning. As I have researched these names through the Bible, I have
been awe-inspiringly taken aback to see that a believer’s life is
eternally value oriented. A value which is eternal and non-perishing
cannot be measured in terms of money and wealth, gold and silver.
The symbolical terms such as special treasure, pearls, precious
stones used for believers suggest how precious we are in the
presence of God. The goodly pearls in the famous parable of Jesus
are referred to non other than the believers. Jesus had to give away
his own life as ransom to get this valuable pearls for himself.
Our life is not only value oriented but also purposeful. God has
wonderful plans and purposes with our lives even on this earth
(Rom11:29; 8:28-30). As children of God, we have to fulfill this
plans and purposes of God in order to bring a divine justice upon
As light, we have to shine in darkness. Mt 5:14
As salt, we have to make the earth salty and tasty. Mt 5:13
As sweet savor, we have to spread the sweet savor of Christ, the
good news of Salvation. II Cor 2:15
As lamp stand, we have to lift up the true light the Christ. Rev 1:12
As peacemaker, we have to bring peace in this world of conflict
and reconcile people to God (Mt 5:9) and people to people.
The names also suggest that we are called to be conformed to the
likeness to Jesus to be more like Jesus. The titles and words like
saints, virgin, holy, righteous, perfect, new man etc. which have
been conferred on us are immensely special terms which truly
designate the true spiritual nature of the believers. Jesus is the
true image of God; the true and perfect man (Col 1:15;II Cor 4:4).
To be more like Jesus means to be gradually transformed into the
very image of the Son of God, “Unto a perfect man, unto the measure
of the stature of the fullness of Christ” (Eph 4:13) not only into
the perfect moral and spiritual likeness to Christ but also to the
likeness of the glorified resurrection body of the Christ (I Cor
15:49-52) “the image of the heavenly.”
The world we live in is morally a decayed world, a dying world.
Christ is going to come very soon to execute His final judgment upon
this world and Satan and upon all the followers of Satan (Rev
20:1-15). But we the believers are heading toward a new world (I Pet
2:11). Our real home is in heaven which Christ had promised to his
disciples many years ago, “In my Father’s house are many mansions,
if it were not so, I would have told you, and if I go and prepare a
place for you, I will come again and receive you unto myself; that
where I am, there ye may be also.” John 14:2-3, see also II Cor 5:1
The names like, children, son, co-heir, heir all confirm our real
identity and co-status with Christ. Christ is the Son and the true
Heir of God, the Father. But amazingly, in Christ, believers are
also sons and daughters and hence heirs and co-heirs. (Rom 8:17; Gal
4:7).The indwelling of the Holy Spirit is the guarantor of this
inheritance of the believers (Rom 8:15-17; Eph 1:14). The concept of
inheritance in the N.T. is not based upon the Hebrew concept of
inheritance which was rather physical or temporal, i.e, a land and
a kingdom. But the concept of inheritance in the N.T. is spiritual
and eternal in essence. It is a spiritual heir ship we are going to
inherit after the resurrection (Heb 9:15; I Cor 6:9-10; Eph 5:5). We
will also inherit a resurrected real physic-spiritual body to enter
into the glory and incorruption of resurrection life (I Cor 15:50-57
cf I Pet 1:4). The believers will then reign with Christ in the
millennial kingdom as well as in the new heaven bodily (Heb
11:10,16; 12:22-24; Rev 21:1; 22:5) for eternity. Christ will also
reign with His people with His real resurrected body. This is,
indeed, a Great Mystery.
There are also the great promises of the Lord Jesus Christ to the
believers mentioned in His letters to the seven Churches in Asia
Minor in the book of Revelation (Rev.1-3). It will be worthwhile to
mention these promises to the over comers, i.e., the believers. They
1. “I will give to eat of the tree of life” Rev. 2:7
The tree of life here symbolizes eternal life
2. “I will give thee a crown of life” Rev. 2:10
The crown of life suggests the eternal glory of life in heaven.
3. “I will give to eat of the hidden manna and will give a white
stone and in the stone a new name written.” Rev. 2:17
Hidden manna-signifies the bread of life i.e., Christ Himself.
“a white stone with a new name” - stone most likely speaks about the
redeemed person in Christ Jesus, while white color may represent his
righteousness. New name may refer to the new character of the person
in Christ Jesus.
“Behold, I make all things new” Rev. 21:5 cf II Cor 5:17
4. “I will give power over the nations. He shall rule them with a
rod of iron.” Rev.2:26. Also see Lk 22:29,30; I Cor.6:2; Rev 5:10;
5. “I will give him the morning star” Rev. 2:28
Jesus Himself is the Morning star. Jesus said, “I, Jesus, have sent
my angel to give you this testimony for the Churches. I am the root
and offspring of David, and the bright Morning star.” Rev. 22:16
6. “—he that overcometh … shall be clothed in white raiment” Rev.3:5
It speaks of the righteousness of the saints whose garments are
washed in the blood of the lamb. Rev. 7:13,14
7. “—will not blot out his name out of the book of life—” Rev.3:5
The names of the believers (over comers) are written in the lamb’s
book of life and will remain there eternally never to be erased. It
means that they will live with the Lord Jesus eternally.
8. “—I will confess the names of the believers before the father and
before his angels.” Rev.3:5
Jesus will confess the names of the believers before the father. The
same has been told in Math.10:32
“whoever acknowledge him before my father in heaven.” Also see Lk.
9. “Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my
God. Rev. 3:12
It means that the over comer will remain forever (permanently) in
the presence of God. The pillar also speaks of the importance of the
believer in the Kingdom of God.
10. “I will write on him the name of my God and the name of the city
of my God.” Rev. 3:12
‘The name of my God’ speaks about the sealing of God as a mark of
identification and recognition. The over comer will be forever His.
‘the name of the city of my God’ speaks of the permanent citizenship
‘my new name’ one of the names of Christ from among the hundreds of
different individual names given to Him in the Scripture. It also
refers to the new character of the individual in Christ Jesus.
11. “I will come into him and will sup with him and he with me.”
This is a marvelous illustration which reveals Christ’s attitude to
every repentant believer and His willingness to commune with him.
The picture is very incredible that Christ stands at the door
knocking and gives an open invitation to repent, i.e., to turn from
their own ways to the ways of God and accept Salvation free of cost.
12. “He that over cometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne.”
This is a wonderful promise of the Lord given to the believers. So
Christ ends His letter with a note of a wonderful hope. Christ is
now sitting at the right hand of the Father (Heb 1:3). But He has
also given the right to all the over-comers to sit with Him on His
heavenly throne and rule with Him with a kingly prerogative from
eternity to eternity — the Believers’ Real Estate.
Dear Reader, if you want to be in the Believers’ Real Estate,
believe in Jesus and accept Him as your personal Lord and Savior. He
is the most trusted friend and the most trusted Savior as well. No
one but Him can give you eternal life, a life full of love, joy and
peace. In Him, there is the eternal security of life for He says
(Those who believe in Him), “I give them eternal life, and they
shall never perish; no one can snatch them out of my hand.” John
10:28. Who else is there like JESUS?
Authonomy Members’ Comments and Reviews on
‘The Names of the Believers in the Bible in Types and Symbols’
Ron Mitchell, the author of ‘December Gold’ is an ordained
minister within the Church of God (Anderson, IN). He has served
churches since January, 1976 as full time associate pastor and
senior pastor—a graduate of Anderson University and the School of
Theology. Ron Mitchell wrote—
What a great commentary resource this is for the Bible student. You
have laid out and researched names and addresses (it almost
seems-kidding), of many of the noteworthy names and titles found in
scripture. You have outdone yourself. This should be a pastor's
required handbook for his/her office as a quick and handy resource.
It is also a great tool for Sunday school teachers and other Bible
students. I cannot commend you enough for the research it must have
taken to collect all this material. Make sure you are documenting
sources (not just the scripture passages) if you have taken any
definitions for other resource material. Also, I would lose the
various colors in your texts (i.e., blue, green, and brown later on
in a portion of your work). Stick with black and white. It makes for
better reading. Good job. Blessings. Thanks again for your support
of December Gold.
Faith Rose, author of ‘Now To Him’, rank-1, authonomy, winner
of Editor’s Desk, Harper Collins International wrote—
Dear Dr. Daimari,
Wow ... I cannot imagine how much time it took to compile this
resource. It is full of so many interesting names and background
information. I tend to be fascinated by words, so there was much
here that appealed to me. I liked how you started out with
introductory material about Bible names in general, especially as
you discussed how a new name or changed name often signaled a new
beginning. I have always been fascinated by God's way of doing that
in the Bible. Also, your deep break down of each word was very
detailed, including the root as well as scripture. In particular, I
liked your explanation of the "church" as a "called out body in
Christ." Excellent. Your discussion of words with figurative
meanings was also fascinating (i.e., "Clay"). I can see this book
being a helpful resource to pastors and Bible teachers, as well as
general believers who hunger for more knowledge. Well done!
All the very best,
Faith Rose, author of ‘Now To Him’- winner of Editors’ Desk,
Harper Collins International.
C. Barton and J. Cabot (Mkgilmour) author of ‘Transcending Earth’
This work of linguistic research is quite impressive. As a student
of the Bible myself, I enjoy reading translations of the original
language (Hebrew and Greek). It broadens and deepens the meaning of
the words and creates a fullness of scriptural study that can't be
found by just reading the English. Dr. Daimari's work is a thorough
presentation of anything one would need to begin deep, spiritual
analysis of the Biblical text surrounding the names of Jesus.
Thank you for such an inspired work.
Lyn Ventura author of ‘With All My Mind’ wrote—
Your book is such an excellent tool to enhance Bible study! I have
learned so much about the meaning, not only in a name, but in the
seemingly everyday things that we may not take much notice in
because of it. Your book helps us to see how present God is in the
intricate details of our being. That is such an encouragement! So
thank you for all your hard work in bringing this piece together. It
is very well written and easy to understand. Many stars!!
With All My Mind
Donna Fawcett (authordonna), author of ‘Between Heaven and
Earth’- a former creative writing instructor for Fanshawe College in
London, Ontario - Recipient of Best Contemporary Novel in the
Canadian Christian Writing Awards. She wrote—
This is a wonderful book and comes close to my heart. Names are so
full of meaning and truly can help define the bearer of them. This
manuscript does a wonderful job of showing the multi-dimensions of
Biblical writing. Too often, we look at the scriptures and see one
thing when there are many things to be seen. As to the technical
side of things, you have given sharp imagery to your words which
takes the reader to a deeper level. You have done a great job
contributing to the message in this manner. Blessings. authordonna
Mark Cain, rank-1, authonomy, author of ‘Hell’s Supper’,
winner of Editor’s Desk, Harper Collins International, wrote—
The power of names: it's an important theme in literature, and as
Dr. Daimari shows in his very interesting compilation, it's
important to the Bible. The knowledge contained in these pages will
provide any serious reader of both Old and New Testaments with
another entry point into the Scriptures. The names in the Bible
provide important nuances to it's meaning; this book will help
enrich any reader's understanding of the Holy Scriptures.
Clive Radford (Software), rank-1, authonomy, author of
‘Doghouse Blues’- winner of Editor’s Desk, Harper Collins
This is a bit like reading the Bhagavad-Gita, Hesse's Siddhartha or
an instruction on how to achieve the Bodhisattva by Dali Lama. It is
incredibly well detailed and informative in respect of Christianity
and Christian icons. This book should be assessed not as a novel,
but as a guide from a priest, a prophet, a saddhu or a shaman to
help the novice find their way through the Christian maze. It is
very beautiful and near to surrealistic. Highly starred.
Kara Mckanzi (KMac23), rank-1, authonomy, author of ‘A Gate
Called Beautiful’- winner of Editor’s Desk, Harper Collins
This is such a detailed book, and I really loved how you put
this together. I think this is very valuable for Christians to
understand there is a reason and a purpose for the many names God
bestows upon us. It points out how we can use the names he give us
to better serve him.
I like the style and format of your writing. You write smoothly and
keep the explanations short and to the point, yet you have taken the
time to reference your work, so as to include the places the Bible
where these names can be found. The work is extensive and
well-researched. I give you highest stars for this and hope your
book is read by many.
A Gate Called Beautiful
Judy – A Christian author of ‘Land of Shadows’. Her stay in
Zimbabwe for ten years has taught her so much about the things of
the Spirit and those years are the basis of her wonderful book,
‘Land of Shadows’. She wrote—
Surya, thank you for telling me about your book. You have put so
much work into this, and I feel that it will be a useful resource
for people in many fields of Christian ministry and teaching. We
know from reading the Bible that names are very important to God ( I
sometimes wonder what name He has given me! :o) ) and your book
makes one stop and think about this a little more deeply. As I feel
this is an unusual reference work I have backed it and wish you
every success in finding a publisher.
Land of Shadows
evermoor, author of ‘Mighty Fine’ and ‘Children Walking with
Dr. Damairi ...
I'm in awe of your body of work. The time and
knowledge you've shared is an amazing gift for all that read this
book. I've given you six stars and know I'll revisit this often.
Thank you so much for a reference to fully comprehend the word of
Children Walking with Jesus and Daniel Simmons Journey (Both
for young readers … or perhaps the child in us all)
Luset Kohen Fins (LCF Quartet), rank-1, authonomy, winner of
Editor’s Desk, Harper Collins International, is a Freelance journalist,
an entrepreneur since the age of 23, and
former editor in charge of three internationally distributed
lifestyle publications- and also a medal winner of Harper Collins
This is a very well thought out, neatly researched book and thanks
for sharing. Your deep philosophy along with superb descriptions is
enlightening. I think this is a great read for the genre's
enthusiasts. You've provided a lot of insight to matters of life and
your POV is evidential.
Highly starred and God bless you,
Lucette- Ten Deep Footprints
Jayne Schriver, author of ‘A Personal Message From God’ a
graduate from Florida State University with honors wrote—
Thank you so much for taking the time to research and compile all of
this information. This will make an excellent addition to any
Biblical study materials. I hope that you are going to also provide
an index with appropriate pages for quick reference for anyone that
is studying or perhaps teaching a Bible class. This book most
definitely needs to be on the bookshelf of all pastors, priests, and
anyone called to teach, etc. Excellent research and writing.
Author Amanda Beth, author of ‘You Can Have A Happy Family’
Silver Award Winner, Readers’ Favorite, 2013, International Book
Award Contest wrote—
Great resource to have beside you when you're reading the Bible.
Great to have as a reference when you come across the names and
words you shared. Very helpful and inspiring! I pray God leads you
to the right publisher. Blessings to you and your writings!
Elizabeth Kathleen author of ‘The Sticks And Stones of Hanna
This is a nice book and resource for those wanting definitions of
important Bible meanings and passages right at their fingertips. Too
much reliance is put upon being able to draw something from the
internet, but there are times that require a printed resource and
this definitely fills the bill. Hope it all works out great for you!
God bless you!!!
"The Sticks and Stones of Hannah Jones"
"If Children are Cheaper by the Dozen, Can I Get a Discount on Six?"
Maria Trautman (Lourdes), rank-1, authonomy, author of ‘The
Path to Survival’- winner of Editor’s Desk, Harper Collins
Well, my friend, God must’ve guided your hand in writing this
magnificent piece of literature. The only thing I can comment on,
besides saying that I think this to be one of the most enjoyable
biblical references I have ever read — you have all the stars.
The Path to Survival
Michelle Richardson, author of ‘43 Primerose Avenue’ wrote—
I especially like the name Beloved. It is quite
breathtaking to be reminded that God sees us this way. Great
informational book about the awesomeness of the creator. Greatjob -
high stars and on my WL
Michelle - 43 Primrose Avenue
Alexandra Mahanaim, author of ‘Matters of the Heart’ poetry-born
in Kazkhistan, lived until her teens in Russia and then immigrated
to United States. She wrote—
Very interesting research of believer's descriptions and
connotations in the Bible. You have started with Biblical names and
their meanings and then branched out to code words that signify
somehow that you are a Christian. I would somehow prepare the reader
that this is what to expect because I thought you would explore
names, like Paul, Barnabus, Alexander, Luke, etc. and their
Yet it is a very thorough study that I have found to be of great
help when exploring a specific topic. I applaud you for the hard
work in studying the scriptures.
Thank you for sharing your book,
Return to Eternity
Symbolic approach to creation and love
Jeri Caputo (Jerianne), author of ‘Take Up Your Cross And
I hear your faith coming through in your writing. We indeed hold
many names, which all boil down to putting on Christ. We need to see
ourselves in these titles: precious stone, crown, husbandman and the
like. I like that you tie all these names back together in the last
chapter showing that we are precious to God.
William Myers (ssurfer), the author of ‘NO QUARTER’ wrote—
It is encouraging to see another seeking to be an encouragement to
others with their lives. This writing reflects the time and efforts
you have given to help show, and lead others to deeper truths of the
Lord. May the Lord use your work to draw others unto Himself, all
for His glory!
Kylie Gunn, (Leonard Told a story), author of ‘The Book of Life’
I love it! It is such a wonderful way to clearly see the names God
has called us to live out. And such incredible names that build our
faith and help us to step up into the roles he has 'called' us into.
Thank you for writing this book. I will read it more thoroughly soon
when I get more time.
The Book of Life - Leonard Told
Peter B, Messianic Radio Host and Keynote Speaker wrote—
How delightful … Well researched and expressed. Good job with the
"The Bible I Thought I Knew"
Shiloh Yazdani, author of “Courage Through Faith” wrote—
A very good book. It's a resource, reference, instruction manual and
faith builder all in one. You've done a tremendous amount of work in
this. I know it will be a valuable resource for many!
"Courage Through Faith"
Katie Hook, A Special Education Teacher and author of ‘Memoir of a PK, Life
in a Fishbowl’
(Katiejo) Katie Hook wrote—
Love this resource!! Very well written, easy to follow. The bold
print on each title helps tremendously to separate the different
names ... Right up my alley. This is something I would buy at a
Christian Bookstore to supplement studying the Word with my kids in
Know Your Bible Club all the way through adult Sunday School
Classes/ Discipleship Groups. Thank you so much for your work in
organizing the various names. Paints a beautiful picture of who God
is and who we are as believers in Christ. Great job!
Memoir of a PK, Life in a Fishbowl
Zuriel Ann Murphy, the author of ‘The Spoken World’ writes—
Great job Dr. Surya,
I can see you've invested so much time and effort in researching and
putting this piece together. It's indeed a unique one; I wish you
very well on this site. Blessings!
Zuriel Ann Murphy,
(The Spoken Word)
1. Burdick W Donald, “Ambassador”, Wiycliffe Bible Encyclopedia, Moody Paperback Edition, 1983, USA.
2. Elliot L. R., ‘Branch’, Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia, Moody paper back edition, 1983, USA
3. Frances H. Derk, “The Names of Christ”, Dimension Books, Bethany Fellowship, INC, Minneapolis Minn. 55438
4. Guthric D, Mofyer J.A., Stibbs A.M., Wiseman D.J., Editors New Bible Commentary, Inter-versity Press , 36 De Mnt Fort Street, Leicester Let 7GP, England.
5. Morris Lewis D, “Finding God Through the Sanctuary”, The Quiet Hour, INC. Redlands, California.
6. Ryrie Charles C, ‘Angel of The Lord’ Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia, Moody Paperback Edition, 1983, USA.
7. Singh Bakht, God’s Dwelling Place, Gospel Literature Service, Bombay
8. “The Terminologica Annatomica List”, Federation Committee on Anatomical Terminology, 1998.
9. Warfield Benjamin. B, “The Biblical Doctrine of Faith” Banner of Truth, UK.
10. Watchman Nee, ‘Father talks on the Church Life’, The Stream Publishers, 1974, Los Angelas.
The Word Index
Words SL No.
Bishop of souls
Deacon , Deaconess
Fishers of men
Great, Greater, Greatest
Image of God
Kingdom of Priests