Daily Bread Devotional Bible Study
The Second Book of Samuel
David and Abner
Joab and Abner Biblical Battles
Welcome to our Christianity Oasis Daily Bread study program. This is
our David and Abner Truce Bible study taking a look into the many
Joab and Abner Biblical Battles and how the very interesting
relationship between David and Abner and the message therein affects
your be-YOU-tiful Christian walk.
David and Abner Lesson
Joab and Abner Biblical Battles and Justice
So happy you're here for another slice! These books of Samuel are
action packed, aren't they? Let's recap briefly what happened in our
last chapter, shall we? King Saul died so there was no danger in
David returning back to his home territory, so God told David to go
to Hebron, and the people of Judah pronounced David king of Judah.
Remember David had lived in Ziklag for the past year and four months.
Ziklag was the city that Achish, the king of Gath gave to David,
which was in the land that the Philistines occupied at that time.
Meanwhile, Ishbosheth, a surviving son of King Saul, took the throne
over the remainder of Israel. Then Ishbosheth's general, Abner,
challenged David's general, Joab, to a fight ... Twelve of Israel's
men against twelve of Judah's men. The results of the challenge
turned out to be a tie ... With both sides losing all their men! But,
the frenzy of the whole competition caused each side to attach each
other in mayhem and David's men were clearly defeating Abner's men.
Then Asahel (Joab's little brother) set his mind to chasing after
Abner to kill him, but it ended up the other way around ... Asahel
was killed. So Joab and his other brother Abishai, continued chasing
after Abner to kill him, but Abner convinced Joab (or so it seems) to
end the challenge that turned awry, and they backed off.
David and Abner Study
Joab and Abner Biblical Battles Event
And that's where our story picks up today ...
This was the beginning of a long and destructive war between the
followers of Saul and the followers of David. But David only grew
stronger and stronger, and Saul's people grew weaker and weaker.
During the time that David lived in Hebron, he had six sons, by six
different wives (from oldest to youngest) they were:
- Amnon, whose mother was Ahinoam
- Chileab, whose mother was Abigail
- Absalom, whose mother was Maacah
- Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith
- Shephatiah, whose mother was Abital
- Ithream, whose mother was Eglah
David and Abner Research
Joab and Abner Biblical Battles and Murder
As the war went on between the people of Saul and the people of
David, Abner, became a leader for the people of Saul. Don't forget,
Abner had been Saul's general from the beginning. After serving
forty years, no doubt he was well versed not only in warfare, but in
every aspect of the government of Saul.
Then Saul's son, who, by the way isn't anointed by the Lord, takes
the throne ... So who do you think is really in control of things
concerning the kingdom, despite who has the title of king? The people
are all well acquainted with Abner as well. They know and trust him.
It came to pass one day, that Ishbosheth accused Abner of sleeping
with Saul's concubine, Rizpah. This enraged Abner and knowing the
power he held with all of Israel, he said to Ishbosheth, "I protect
the interests of Saul's kingdom faithfully and you treat me like a
David and Abner Truth
Joab and Abner Biblical Battles and Hatred
I haven't handed you over to David, yet you accuse me falsely about
a woman? Let God punish me if now I don't help David get the kingdom
the Lord has promised him and set up his throne from one end of
Israel to the other. Ishbosheth was lost for words now, because he
was afraid of Abner.
So Abner sent messengers to David saying, "Let's make an agreement
and I'll help to bring all of Israel to you." David responded, "I'll
make an agreement with you, but to prove your sincerity, bring me my
wife, Michal, Saul's daughter, when you come and see me." Then David
sent a message to Ishbosheth also, saying, "Send me my wife, Michal,
my reward for killing 100 Philistines."
Remember that story in 1
So Ishbosheth sent and took Michal away from her husband Phaltiel,
who followed behind her crying the whole way to Bahurium. Then Abner
told him to go back home, so he left.
Abner contacted the elders of Israel, and apparently at some time
during the reign of Ishbosheth, they wanted to turn their allegiance
to David, but Abner had dissuaded them, but now he told them to go
ahead and forsake Ishbosheth and turn their hearts to David since
they knew that the Lord had anointed David to be king. Abner also
specifically addressed the tribe of Benjamin, who, as we discussed
before, were quite possibly Ishbosheth's guards and VIPs. He then
presented himself to David, accompanied by twenty of his men, with
the report that all of Israel, including the whole tribe of Benjamin
were ready to be David's subjects.
David and Abner Discussion
Joab and Abner Biblical Battles Warning
As you might imagine, this pleased David well and he threw a big
party for them. Then Abner told David that he'd go and rally all of
Israel together to make him their king. With that, David sent Abner
away in peace.
Just after Abner had left, David's men and Joab returned from a raid,
and brought a great deal of things with them from the places they
invaded. When Joab was told that Abner was just there and left, he
was astonished and he approached the king and asked, "What have you
done? Why did you let Abner go when you knew he came to deceive you,
spy on you, and discover all your upcoming plans?"
Joab left David and sent messengers after Abner without David's
knowledge. They caught up with him and when they brought Abner back
to Hebron, Joab took him aside and to avoid suspicion, he spoke
cordially to Abner, then struck him with his sword under his fifth
rib, killing him, exactly as Abner had killed his brother Asahel.
Now, remember, we talked a little about Joab's brother Abishai's
character a couple of times so far. Abishai was a predictable sort,
but didn't really take matters into his own hands the way his brother
Joab did. One would probably conclude that Joab was acting on two
very strong emotions ... Jealousy, that Abner would attain a higher
ranking in David's kingdom, and anger, that Abner had killed his
little brother Asahel.
David and Abner Lesson
Joab and Abner Biblical Battles Danger
Joab, being quite a bit of a hothead, must have been absolutely
simmering with emotion at the news of Abner's acceptance ... Why,
they even threw him a party! Joab just couldn't handle it, that Abner
may possibly receive a greater state of dignity than himself, and he
Many may believe that Joab was justified in killing Abner, because
Abner instigated the whole melee that sparked Asahel's anger and
caused him to chase after Abner. If it was anyone else besides his
brother, would Joab have reacted so?
Certainly Joab, being a fairly seasoned army general was accustomed
to losing soldiers, it's an unfortunate occupational hazard that
cannot be avoided in the business of war. But when emotions are
involved, it's hard to be objective ...
Anyone who has ever been in such situations can relate, but only the
Lord can judge. Can anyone ever go wrong taking the forgiveness
route? How did David feel about it? When David found out that Abner
was killed, it grieved his soul and he said:
David and Abner Fears
Joab and Abner Biblical Battles Tears
2 Samuel 3:28-29
28 And afterward when David heard it, he said, I and my
kingdom are guiltless before the Lord for ever from the blood of
Abner the son of Ner:
29 Let it rest on the head of Joab, and on all his
father's house; and let there not fail from the house of Joab one
that hath an issue, or that is a leper, or that leaneth on a staff,
or that falleth on the sword, or that lacketh bread.
David ordered Joab and everyone that
was with him to mourn for and honor Abner with the traditional customs of
rending their clothes and wearing sackcloth, and king David himself
followed behind the coffin. They buried Abner in Hebron, and the king
and all the people wept. And the king spoke about Abner's death:
2 Samuel 3:33-34
33 And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner
as a fool dieth?
34 Thy hands were not bound, nor thy feet put into
fetters: as a man falleth before wicked men, so fellest thou. And all
the people wept again over him.
And all the people wept again.
David and Abner Conclusion
Joab and Abner Biblical Battles Summary
The death of Abner affected David so deeply that when people urged
David to eat something, he wouldn't because he swore that he wouldn't
eat anything until sunset. The people took note and were pleased with
this; anything the king did pleased the people. The people and all of
Israel understood that day that David was not responsible for Abner's
death in any way.
David said to his servants, "Don't you realize that a great leader
and good man has died today in Israel? Though I am an anointed king,
I am weak today. These sons of Zeruiah are too much for me. The Lord
won't let them get away with it.
I can't wait to see you back here tomorrow for more Daily Bread!
New Testament Daily Bread
There is a force out there that is attempting to overtake us all; it is Satan. There is another force that is protecting us from him; it is the Holy Spirit. It is a battle for souls. This battle is called Spiritual Warfare, and like it or not, you are right in the middle of it.
How to Prepare for Spiritual Warfare