THE SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL
(PARALLEL CHAPTERS - 1 CHRONICLES, CHAPTER 11,12 AND 14)
JESSE'S SON DAVID ANOINTED KING
DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL SAGA
Welcome to our Christianity Oasis Daily Bread study program. This is our David Anointed King Bible study taking a look into the David Becomes King of Israel story and how the long awaited David Anointed King message affects your be-YOU-tiful Christian walk.
CHECK OUT THE SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL STUDY FROM THE BEGINNING
THE SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL
(PARALLEL CHAPTERS -
1 CHRONICLES, CHAPTER 11,12 AND 14)
DAVID ANOINTED KING LESSON
DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL STORY
Delighted to see you here again at Daily Bread! As
you may remember, in our last chapter, Ishbosheth was killed by a couple of his
army captains, who after hearing about the death of Abner, snuck into
Ishbosheth's house and killed him, cutting off his head while he was taking a
Instead of the favor they had hoped to receive from David for
delivering the head of the son of Saul, David had them killed, and their hands
and feet cut off, then hung them over the pool (stream) in Hebron for all to
Now, let me warn you in
advance, this chapter is absolutely loaded with detours ... But each time we
pause to elaborate on something, it makes everything so much more interesting!
After that, all the people of Israel went to David
in Hebron and spoke kindly to him saying, "We're your family. Before, when Saul was king, you
were the one that really led Israel. The Lord has told you, "You will be the
shepherd of my people, you will be their leader." So all the heads of the tribes
of Israel came to Hebron, and they anointed David king over all of Israel.
This is also mentioned in
1 Chronicles 12: 38-40. David was 30 years old when he
began to reign and he reigned for 40 years. In Hebron, he reigned over Judah
for 7 ½ years, and in Jerusalem he reigned 33 years over all Israel and Judah.
DAVID ANOINTED KING TRUTH
DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL EVENT
A couple of little Daily Bread Crumbs for you ...
First, isn't it interesting that when David became king, he was the same age
that Jesus was when He began His ministry? Just an observation. Secondly, If
David was 30 years old when he began to reign, and Saul reigned for 40 years,
that means Saul had been king of Israel for 10 years before David was even born.
And king David and his men went to
Jerusalem (which was known as Jebus at that time) against the Jebusites,
who still lived there at the time. Let's
refresh our memories about the Jebusites for a bit.
In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed
have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the
river Euphrates: The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites,
And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, And the Amorites,
and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.
So, the land that the
Jebusites were still living in was part of the inheritance that God bestowed on Israel ... HOWEVER:
DAVID ANOINTED KING DISCUSSION
HOW DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL
As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah
could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of
Judah at Jerusalem unto this day.
So, at the time of the
writing of the Book of Judges, up until David left Hebron to take over
Jerusalem, the Jebusites remained there.
NOW ... The Jebusites
were stinkers. On the walls of their city they erected their gods, which David
considered "the blind and the lame," because they have eyes and
see not, feet and walk not. But, the Jebusites considered them the guardians
of their city, and proclaimed that except David take these away (which they
thought he could never do) then he could not go into Jerusalem.
Oh, but David did take
over the fortress and then David said, "Whoever manages to enter the city, and
overcomes the Jebusites with their lame and blind, all of whom are hated of
David's soul, he will be the chief and captain of the army of Israel.
DAVID ANOINTED KING MESSAGE
WHY DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL
Guess who went up first and won the highest
rank in David's army. Joab, of course. That Joab ... It's hard to
decide how to feel about him, isn't it? Just think of how David felt. One day
he's murdering Abner who just delivered you the loyalty of all of Israel, then
you turn around and he's earning honor by being the most valiant of all your
Anyway, David resided in the
castle, and they called it the city of David. That sounds like a big place
doesn't it? Actually, it was only about eighteen and a half acres. You can take a look at a map of the
city of David at the links below. The best depictions in our selection are
titled Ancient Jerusalem and Ancient Jerusalem 2:
Ancient Jerusalem 2
David built all around the city of David from Millo
inward, and Joab repaired the rest of the city. As time went on,
David grew more powerful and God was with him. The
king of Tyre, who's name was Hiram, sent cedar trees and carpenters
and stonemasons and they built David a house.
David wrote a Psalm and
Song at the dedication of the house of David that expresses his appreciation for
all the Lord did for him.
DAVID ANOINTED KING FINALLY
WHERE DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL
David could feel that the Lord had established
him king over Israel, and that he had made his kingdom great for the sake of His
chosen people, Israel.
How respectable that in the midst of
blessing after blessing, David recognizes that it's from the Lord, not his own
strength. That's one thing that makes David so different. How many times do
we say thank you to God throughout our day?
How much of our day do we spend
simply praising Him? Our blessings, our
miracles, our joy comes from the Lord. Not from our own efforts. Don't
forget to whisper a "Thanks" to Him when you recognize His power, His blessings
and His grace in your own life.
After David moved from Hebron he took
more wives and concubines out of Jerusalem, and he had yet more sons and
daughters. These were their names:
Shammuah, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon,
Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphalet.
DAVID ANOINTED KING TEARS
DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL DETAILS
Sometimes you'll find
things that are a bit confusing in the Bible, and this is one of those
instances. Let me explain. In the left column below are the accounts of the sons
which were born to David in Chapter 3 and Chapter 5 of 2 Samuel. And in the
right column below is the account of the sons which were born to David in 1
Chronicles. Notice the names that are highlighted in light blue and aqua.
And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of
Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; And his second,
Chileab, of Abigail the
wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the
daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; And the fourth, Adonijah the son of
Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; And the sixth,
Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron.
1 Chronicles 3:1-9
Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the
firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second
Daniel, of Abigail the
Carmelitess: The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai
king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith: The fifth,
Shephatiah of Abital: the sixth, Ithream by Eglah his wife. These six were
born unto him in Hebron; and there he reigned seven years and six months:
and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years. And these were born
unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four,
of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel: Ibhar also, and
Nogah, and Nepheg, and
Japhia, And Elishama, and
Eliada, and Eliphelet,
nine. These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines,
and Tamar their sister.
And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem;
Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, Ibhar also, and
Elishua, and Nepheg, and
Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.
DAVID ANOINTED KING BY THE PROPHET
DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL GLORY
Chileab, of Abigail in 2 Samuel is called Daniel, of Abigail in 1 Chronicles.
Elishua is not mentioned in 1 Chronicles and Nogah is not mentioned in 2 Samuel.
Elishama and Elipelet are both listed twice in 1 Chronicles.
And it says in 1 Chronicles that the total born to David in Jerusalem was nine
... But if you count, it's 13 ... And even if you subtract the two that are listed twice,
it's still 11.
Does this mean that the Bible is a liar?!
Simmer down! Heaven's no!
It may mean that probably different people wrote the different accounts or that
perhaps one person may have been known by two different names (which is not
unusual) and though God's Word is infallible, man's intervention in it and translation of it over the
thousands of years have resulted in some inconsistencies. If
you'd like to know more about how to defend God's Word when skeptics approach
you with such objections, you'll want to read this study:
DAVID ANOINTED KING CONCERN
DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL WARS
(I just have to fill you in on stuff like that and prepare you,
because people do love to test Christians ... Even other Christians at times.)
Great! now we can get back to our story.
When the Philistines heard that David
was anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines came to challenge
David. When David found out, he went down to the fortress and the Philistines
set themselves in array in the valley of Rephaim.
We sure have a lot of trivia to research in this chapter, don't we?
This one could qualify as a Daily Bread Crumb I believe. The
name Rephaim means 'giant.' How can you, yourself, find out things like this?
Well, two obvious ways would be to get yourself a Strong's Concordance, or you
can look it up in an encyclopedia, or on the international network.
Or even more fun, you can learn interesting
little tidbits like this in your Daily Bread and frequently impress your friends
and relatives with the interesting information you discover about the Bible! If
you look back into scripture, you'll find that if a name ends in "im,"
they might have been giants. Let me give you a little rundown on some of the
names of the families of giants that we've read about thus far in the Bible:
DAVID ANOINTED KING WARNING
DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL DANGER
The Rephaims, Zuzims,
Anakims (which the Moabites called Emims), Horims, Zamzummims, Avims and the
Caphtorims. But not ALL giants aren't clearly identified with the "im" suffix to
their family name, for example, we don't know which family the giant Og the king
of Bashan was from. Also, Goliath, was a Gittite from Gath, and we're not told
which family he came from either ... But these little things are interesting to
Concerning the valley of
the giants and it's proximity to Jerusalem, this verse from Joshua may help:
And the border (of the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah) went up
by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite;
the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain
that lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of
the valley of the giants northward ...
And, to help you visualize this
location even better, this valley was on the border between the inheritance of
Judah and the inheritance of Benjamin. It runs diagonally
from northeast to southwest about 3 to 4 miles west/northwest of Jerusalem.
DAVID ANOINTED KING AND TALKS WITH GOD
DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL BY GOD
Once again ... We'll return to our story.
David asked the Lord if he should
fight against the Philistines, and the Lord told him to go, and that He would definitely deliver the Philistines
into his hand and he would win. David turned to God for advice as a
natural reaction when he had decisions to make. What a grand idea! How many
times, after the fact, do we WISH we had asked God for guidance instead of
relying on our own carnal opinion?
It's so hard for us to see things
spiritually, we're so single dimensional. And no doubt there were times when
David didn't fully understand why the Lord led him in a certain direction, but
in the end, it's always clear. We should all be more David-like in that sense
... And the result would be the power of the Holy Spirit working through us in
our lives, with so much more happiness in the end, not to mention a stronger
relationship with our Lord.
The decisions we face may not
be as urgent or complicated as David's were, but no matter how insignificant we
may think our decisions are, God cares about every facet of our lives. Maybe
you're questioning if you should move, or which job you should take, or perhaps you're
facing a decision concerning your family, or what to tell a friend who
is hurting ... Ask God. He'll give you the answers you're looking for.
Instead of taking a risk and hoping you guessed right, trust HIM. God will guide
You might be thinking, "I can never
hear God talking to me though." Remember, God might answer yes, no, or not now.
Your answer could be, not now. Which means ... WAIT. Don't act on whatever
decision you want to make just because you're impatient.
DAVID ANOINTED KING EXPLAINED
DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL STORY CONTINUES
Also, keep in mind, the closer you are
to God, the better you will be able to hear Him. It's kind of like a loved one
or a friend in your life. The more time you spend with them, the easier you
recognize their voice, no matter how physically far they are from you or how
softly they may be whispering.
After a while, you may even have conversations
with this person just using facial expressions because you know each other so
well you can easily read on their face what they're saying to you. Get that
close to God. No, you won't need to read His facial impressions, but God does
tend to whisper sometimes.
And He said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the LORD. And,
behold, the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the
mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the LORD; but the LORD was
not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but the LORD was not in
the earthquake: And after the earthquake a fire; but the LORD was not in
the fire: and after the fire a
still small voice.
And it was so, when Elijah heard it, that he wrapped his face in his
mantle, and went out, and stood in the entering in of the cave. And,
behold, there came a voice unto him, and said, What doest thou here,
BIBLICAL DAVID ANOINTED KING
DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL JOY
Get close to Him and learn what He has to tell you.
You'll be amazed. This program is sure to help you establish a closer
relationship with the Holy Spirit of God:
I know this Daily Bread has been
quite lengthy, but sometimes there are just so many topics to touch on that
will truly enhance your Christian walk, that it wouldn't be fair to you if we
were to neglect mentioning them.
Now, imagine how strong the army of
Israel was with David's men and the rest of Israel who fought under the
command of Saul combined. The hand of God worked so triumphantly against the
Philistines that David said that the Lord had burst through his enemies
like a flood! The Philistines
left their images there, which they presumed would assist them in battle ...
Probably nobody informed them that false gods aren't real, and they're useless
anywhere, including the battlefield. David and his men burned them all.
Then, as though the Philistines hadn't
learned their lesson, they returned yet again and
set up their camp in the very same spot that they did the last time in the
valley of Rephaim. When David asked the Lord for
guidance, He told David not to approach the enemy head on, but instead to sneak
up from behind them and attack them opposite the mulberry trees.
DAVID ANOINTED KING CONCLUSION
DAVID BECOMES KING OF ISRAEL SUMMARY
When he heard the sound of
the leaves rustling in the top of the trees, that was the Lord's sign to him
that he was to move quickly because the Lord would go out
before him to kill the multitude of the Philistines.
So ... David did just what the Lord
commanded, and he didn't stop in the valley, but he smote the Philistines all the way to Gazer.
You may have difficulty finding a city called Gazer on any map of Israel, but
there is the city of Gezer which was in
the inheritance of Ephraim, and it was on the border between where the
Philistines occupied and where Israel occupied. It's likely that this is where
David destroyed the Philistines up to.
1 Chronicles 14:17
And the fame of David went out into all lands; and the LORD brought the
fear of him upon all nations.
Never a dull moment! Make sure to come back tomorrow and
find out what happens next in our story, right here at Daily Bread!
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